The Rio Declaration and Agenda 21 adopted in 1992 identified the issues to be addressed by countries and international institutions in the area of environmental protection. Subsequently, the Commission on Sustainable Development was established to monitor the performances of those countries and international institutions. The essential elements of the measures to address the global environmental problems include: the deepening and widening of the public's understanding of the issue; capacity building; the financial mechanism; and technology transfer. Countries also share the view that the harmonization of policies concerning trade and the environment is necessary to attain sustainable development. The international community, including international institutions such as GATT, UNCTAD, UNEP, OECD and CSD, are examining the relationship between trade and the environment. In particular with the Uruguay Round finally reaching a conclusion, the Subcommittee on Trade and Environment has already started discussions to prepare the framework of negotiations under the World Trade Organization.