This study delineates and explores possible improvements to be made to the current deposit system in the light of the need to encourage and promote the recycling of waste materials. The goal is to encourage people and businesses to recycle as much of the waste they generate as possible, instead of incinerating or burying it underground, in order to reduce the total amount of waste materials. One way to achieve this result is the deposit refund system, which requires the waste disposer to place a deposit and collect it back when he or she returns the waste material to a given location.
The deposit refund systems in Korea include the waste deposit system (deposited by the producer) and the empty-bottle deposit system (deposited by the consumer). The low rate of participation in the former has been a constant subject of criticism. Although many have suggested raising the deposit rate and integrating some waste items into the disposal-feel system, these alternatives haven’t worked because they exclude ordinary consumers.
The effectiveness of the deposit refund system can be improved by making changes to a multiplicity of factors, the least of which is introducing the consumer deposit system. To this end, we need to begin by integrating items that are easy to collect and easy for wholesalers and retailers to handle into the consumer deposit system. Second, we need to bring the deposit rate on waste deposits up to the realistic standard. Third, an effective garbage collection system will be needed to better gather recyclable waste materials. Fourth, the items subject to waste deposit refunds should be decided on a rational basis. Fifth, the consumer deposit system must make deposit refunds to all consumers in a sincere manner.
폐기물 재활용 촉진을 위한 예치환불제 개선방안(Improving the deposit refund system to promote waste recycling)
|Series Title; No||정책포럼 / 제128호(9710)|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Environment|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|