Government reformation is a process of enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of the government by reestablishing the fundamental roles of government and their implementation methods. The primary goal of government reformation is promoting accountability. The second goal is to enhance efficiency by introducing plans for promoting competitiveness in the government sector and to transition the human resources management system to an open type.
These two goals are complimentary in nature. Introducing competitive systems is insignificant without establishing a result-oriented system. When focus is only the performance without any competition, it may substantiate incorrect decisions, amplifying inefficiency. Moreover, a competitive system emphasizes the importance of performance, leading to a result-oriented system. A creative, active and cooperative atmosphere can be established in the process of redefining a goal and making efforts to achieve the goal.
Strategies to achieve these two goals are as follows: expansion of citizens’ participation; enactment of a citizens’ charter; introduction of performance assessment systems; reformation of the human resources management system and budget system, and expansion of participation from private sectors in providing public services. The implementation plans include the restructuring of functions and organizations, reorganization of assessment and audit systems, and improvement in budget and accounting systems.
For successful government reformation, politicians should play a central role in leading the reformation. Government reformation is an art rather than science. It could be an opportunity for challenging the competence of politicians. Enlightening the perceptions of public officers to lead the reformation would enable true reformation of local government.
지방정부개혁의 전략과 실천방안(Strategies and implementation plans for local government reformation)
|Series Title; No||정책연구시리즈 / 97-03|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Economy < Financial Policy|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|