This study examines content related to international technology standards and science technology policy in the Uruguay Round agreement, assesses the influence the agreement will have on Korea’s science and technology policy, and suggests direction for science and technology policy necessary for the future.
It is expected that competition on the global market will be intensified, although the Uruguay Round introduced mediation methods to resolve trade disputes between countries, and established a more reliable international trade order. This is due to the conclusion of the Uruguay Round in late 1993. Now, new tasks are emerging for the next round, such as multilateral negotiations for the environment and trade through additional negotiations, competition policy, labor standards, research and development, and the multilateral Technology Round. Of these, the Technology Round is important to industrial and economic activities between countries. This round is also precarious in that it can distort trade relations between countries as it demonstrates direct and indirect influences on economic activities.
The Uruguay Round suggests specific standards on standardization, intellectual property rights, and research and development subsidies regarding science and technology policy. Also, it seems that there is little need to restructure Korea’s policy for technology support completely due to the Uruguay Round. Korea should keep its economic burden to a minimum by strengthening Korea’s intellectual property rights, as the Korean economy is expected to see an increased burden in the short term due to the rise in engineering fee payments. In addition, Korea needs to partly revise operation regulations on Korea’s technology support system to include the limit of support ratio, which sets limits to industry research and development activities in the pre-competitive stage.
More importantly, the government should focus on creating an environment that maximizes the achievements of technological innovation by determining structural systems that affect incentives for researchers and scientists. In particular, the government should pay close attention to technological innovation networks based on innovative enterprises, and make efforts to ensure competition in each area, and that cooperation between areas can occur easily.
In terms of science and technology policy in the era of the World Trade Organization, Korea should use its position to take advantage of the trend of globalization and market openings, and develop a means for advancing the Korean economy, moving away from a position that passively accepts the results of the Uruguay Round. It should reform relevant policies, by stage, to fit international standards, expand science and technology investments, improve operation methods, flexibly implement competition related laws to ensure the establishment of networks between regions and countries—as well as strategic alliances between international companies, ease regulations on overseas investments, and eliminate obstacles to technological cooperation for international standard and intellectual property rights.
UR 이후의 과학기술정책(The post-Uruguay round policy for science and technology)
[서울] : 한국개발연구원
|Series Title; No||정책포럼 / 제44호(9414)|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Economy < Trade
Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|