This study examines the current status of the rapidly changing information and communications industry, and considers the necessity of restructuring the communications industry, and analyzes strengths and weaknesses in public in non-communications-industry enterprises entering into the communications industry.
Most nations are entering into the communications industry due to network externality and economically advanced countries increasing competition in the information and communications industry. The development of communications technology has led to the merging of wired and wireless communications and the acceleration of multimedia technology, and the economic environment is rapidly transforming negotiation for communications market opening. Accordingly, the introduction of fair competition in the Korean communications market, and securing the competitiveness of domestic communications operators, are becoming national tasks.
The Korean communications industry’s restructuring is inevitable because of the poor growth of associated companies, although the wireless communications industry has been privatized. In terms of securing international competitiveness, because the monopoly system led by KT, a public enterprise, has a number of weaknesses, Korea Telecom (KT) needs to be privatized, and Korean private companies should be allowed to enter into the communications market.
It should not be expected that the Korean communications industry will secure competitiveness without first ensuring KT’s competitiveness. To increase competitiveness, it is necessary to allow private companies to enter the industry, expand competition areas among communications providers, privatize KT, establish an efficient management system, and ensure reasonable policy is made for vertical synergy between communications facility manufacturing and communications services.
Meanwhile, efforts towards monopoly by public enterprises from non-communications industries into the communications market will have few positive effects for competition, unlike private companies. When public enterprises in non-communications industries make overlapping investments in the communications market, public resources can be wasted, and the burden may be passed on to consumers in non-communications industries. Public enterprises should delay their move until they are fully privatized. If a public enterprise is allowed to enter into the communications market before the full privatization of the non-communication sector, it should act only as a shareholder for private providers, and should be barred from supporting a corporation.
정보통신산업의 경쟁구조와 정책과제(Competition structure and policy task of information and communications industry)
[서울] : 한국개발연구원
|Series Title; No||정책포럼|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < IT|