This study emphasizes the necessity of changing public awareness to help Korean agriculture survive in the era of internationalization, and predicts how technological developments in other industrial sectors will change agriculture in the future.
The conclusion of the Uruguay Round implies that Korean agriculture will lose its national competitiveness and fail on the global stage if the Korean farming industry—where those in their 50s account for more than 64 percent of farm owners—fails to find and maintain an ownership transfer method other than hereditary succession.
As international trade of agricultural goods is made due thanks to the development of information technology, distribution technology, and transportation, international competition in agriculture is expected to increase. Moreover, the academic development in biotechnology and electronic engineering will lead to change in the agricultural production environment. Environmental changes are expected to bring about changes in dietary habit, diversification of farming procedures, and sophistication of products. Capital, technology and management ability should be improved in terms of agricultural production structure.
Korean agriculture must to be developed into a robust industry through the development of agricultural policy to increase international competitiveness, lower production costs, and secure investment towards size increases. The agriculture industry, unlike other industries, cannot exclusively follow market economic principles as it is linked to land and food. Agricultural development should be pursued by limiting production costs, developing agricultural economic systems, developing organizations and workforces equipped with agricultural management capabilities, reasonable management, development of new farming methods, and changing the awareness of farmers.
Major policy tasks for the development of agricultural administration should include elimination of the ceiling on the ownership of farmland within agricultural development regions with relatively low risk of speculation, review of free farmland transactions, establishment of income compensation for farmers in regard to the conclusion of the Uruguay Round, establishment of institutions for security for elderly farmers and management transfer methods, promotion of farmland distribution, increasing the population professional farmers and projects to train next-generation farmers, establishment and development of a system that can accept advanced technology and information on agriculture, production cost savings by strengthening the competitiveness of rice, efforts to reduce labor charges and land expenses, improvement of agricultural distribution and pricing systems, and development of the processing industry.
Furthermore, farming areas should be developed by changing farming area in appropriate for agriculture into land for industry and leisure, making efforts to develop farming areas into places where farmers and the non-farming population live together, nurturing existing local industrial complexes, and reviewing policy for agricultural and industrial complexes.
농정의 대전환을 위한 제언(A proposal for transformation of agricultural administration)
[서울] : 한국개발연구원
|Series Title; No||정책포럼 / 제33호(9403)|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < Agriculture|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|