This study analyzed the lack of labor in farming villages, with an aim to present a direction for advancing trusted farm trust for the betterment of the agricultural sector in general.
Korea’s rapid economic growth accelerated migration from rural to urban areas, which resulted in the decrease of the labor force in agriculture. Between 1970 and 1990, the population in farming villages decreased 1.8 percent from 18.52 million to 12.63 million, and the population of farm households decreased 2.7 percent, from 14.42 million to 6.66 million. If urbanization continues, it is expected that the farm household population will hold from 5.4 percent to 7.7 percent in 2001.
Farm trust has been adopted as a tool to boost labor productivity by utilizing farming machinery. Recently, farm trust is attracting attention as the farming method can be an answer for the following developments:
• The continuation of a lack of labor in rural areas
• Commercial farming is growing, which utilizes an expanded farm management and the adoption of large farming machines,
• Opportunities for jobs outside of agriculture increased, which can lead to a higher income for farming households.
In addition, as there has been intensive investment in farming infrastructures in the collective high quality farm lands, and more machines are being used in the farming to boost productivity, farm trust can be used as a tool to foster professional farmers, who are in high demand.
In order to advance the farm trust, the criteria for eligibility for starting trusted companies should be expanded and measures to modernize the structure of farming and advanced farming technology should adopted. In addition, there should be measures to efficiently utilize farming devices, to expand the scope of farm trust, and to streamline the farming land foundation and to protect tenant farmers.
농촌노동력부족과 위탁영농의 발전방안(Challenge of labor shortage in agriculture and measures to advance farm trust)
|Series Title; No||정책연구시리즈 / 91-40|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < Agriculture|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|