This study has the following objectives: to explore and identify a general transportation system suited to Korea’s economic growth model; to identify issues and goals associated with establishing such a system; and to analyze and review such issues and goals. The scope of this study is therefore comprehensive, as the aim here is to answer a wide range of questions regarding the establishment of a general transportation system in Korea.
As for research methods, the authors of this study referred to the International Bank of Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)’s Study on Transportation in Korea (1966) and Study on the Development of Harbors in Korea (1973), as well as the Report on Public Roads (1972) by W. Smith. As for the general transportation system envisioned, the authors referred to Columbia’s METS model as well as the transportation policies of the United States and Japan.
Based on a three-month survey that lasted from September to November 20, 1973, this study identifies and reviews the issues and goals of Korea’s transportation policy. Given the brevity of the survey at its base, this study refrains from making specific, detailed, or comprehensive suggestions regarding the problem it identifies, opting instead to outline a few general principles and aims. As for the establishment of an international marine transportation network, the growth of Korea’s marine industries, the consolidation of a role division system among local transportation networks, urban transportation, investment in storage facilities, development of a transportation system, modernization of the distribution structure, and other specific issues of transportation in Korea, more detailed research will be required in the future.
Chapter 2 identifies a number of issues facing transportation in Korea today. These include: the relationship between economic planning and transportation planning; the trends and prospects in international prices; how to foster the corporatization and growth of transportation businesses; how to centralize transportation administration and encourage voluntary management rationalization; how to increase transportation capacity and finance projects to that end; the need for basic statistics for analyses of the feasibility of related transportation projects; and the need to increase transportation manpower and reinforce research activities. Chapter 3 examines the Five-Year plans and investment policies. Chapter 4 discusses the importance and structure of general transportation systems, and the prospects for the economy and transportation, predictions for transportation demand, and the future goals of the general transportation system likely to emerge in the 1980s. Chapter 5 makes suggestions regarding the future of Korea’s transportation policy. Chapter 6 summarizes the conclusions and findings of the study.
This study examines the evolution of the Korean transportation policy within the framework of the Five-Year plans, while seeking to provide long-term perspectives on the Fourth Five-Year Plan and beyond as part of its analysis of future transportation issues. In order for Korea to continue its economic growth, it needs to establish a general transportation system encompassing all modes of transportation, as well as routes, terminals and other transportation facilities that are all seamlessly connected to one another. Such a system is required to meet the transportation needs of all sectors of the Korean economy. The establishment of such a system will first and foremost require the conversion of the input-output relations of each industry into the demand for and supply of transportation services by mode of transportation, route, and region.
As Korea lacks sufficient O-D (Origin-Destination) data on traffic volumes to fulfill this goal, Korean researchers until now have been forced to rely on the second-best, traditional method of identifying the demand for transportation services. Once O-D data on traffic volumes begin to be collected systematically in the near future, more effective research will become possible, offering more reliable conclusions regarding the demand for and supply of transportation services, conclusions that will contribute to the development of successful transportation policies that properly reflect the relationship between economic planning and transportation planning.
우리나라 교통계획과 정책(Transportation plans and policy in Korea)
종합수송 체계의 확립을 위한 방향(Toward establishing a general transportation system)
|Series Title; No||연구보고서 / 제16권|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Transport/Logistics|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|