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우리나라 인구이동의 특징, 1965-70(Characteristics of demographic movements in South Korea, 1956 to 1970)

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Title 우리나라 인구이동의 특징, 1965-70(Characteristics of demographic movements in South Korea, 1956 to 1970)
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Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

김대영; 이효구

Publisher

[서울]:한국개발연구원

Date 1976
Series Title; No 연구보고서 / 제76-01권
Pages 124
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Population
Holding KDI; KDI School

Abstract

The objective of this study is the identification and analysis of the social and economic characteristics of demographic movement in Korea since 1965, when the movement of population became increasingly frequent and noticeable.
Since the early 1960s, Korea has been rapidly urbanizing, with its heavily urban-centered economic growth policy multiplying the number of jobs in cities. The abrupt rise in demand for workers in the manufacturing and service sectors in particular has caused a vast number of young men and women to migrate from rural towns into big cities. The concentration of population in cities, however, has lead to a host of new problems, including urban sprawl, employment insecurity, and the aging of the population remaining in rural towns. These social changes have been forcing policymakers to contemplate adopting limits on the number of people that can move from rural areas to cities at given points in time, and also devising new measures to prevent further concentration of the Korean population in cities.
The rapid growth of the Korean economy in non-agricultural sectors since the late 1960s has also abruptly increased the size of populations concentrated in urban and industrial areas. While there is no significant difference between men and women regarding this pattern, the continuing concentration of working-age population in large cities and industrial towns and the concomitant depletion of population in rural areas will likely raise new and serious social issues in the near future.