Since China promulgated antidumping regulations in 1997, the number of Chinese antidumping investigations has continued to rise. Among the investigations, Korea is a major antidumping target. As the balance of trade between the two countries becomes increasingly disproportionate, China has actively utilized antidumping regulations to protect its industries. Korea is very likely to bring antidumping issues to the table once the bilateral free trade negotiations between the two countries begin. This study analyzes the antidumping laws of Korea and China and compares them with the WTO Antidumping Agreement. China’s antidumping law is based on the WTO agreement and improvements have been made in administrative procedures, however China still lacks transparency in the application of its antidumping regulations; Korea’s antidumping law and the WTO Antidumping Agreement also have their deficiencies. Therefore, it is expected that the two countries will primarily emphasize the clarification and improvement of international and domestic antidumping laws at the negotiation table.