This study illustrates the flow of trans-national technology transfers, and proposes strategies for technology transfer with Korea.
With advancement in the industrial structure, the demand on advanced technology increased. Therefore, the liberation in technology inducement was executed for swift and effective technology inducement in line with the content diversification trend that arose after 1987. The liberation of technology inducement in Korea was constantly upheld after its first phase measures were implemented in 1978. In July 1984, the system was changed from an authorization system to a report system, to promote the liberation process. In July 1986, a sixth phase that permitted simple trademark rights was implemented. In July 1988, the seventh phase, an advanced liberation measure through the application of the Foreign Exchange Control Act was implemented. It carried an exception for instances where the fixed technology fee exceeded USD 100,000 in technology inducement contract longer than three years, or in cases where the commercial technology fee exceeded 2 percent of the contract value. In order to maximize technology transfer effects and facilitate the flow of technology, an elastic technology transfer policy should be established to quickly respond to international environment changes and long-term domestic technology development trends.
The technologically advanced countries, including Japan, America, and Europe, avoid the transfer of advanced technologies which are currently in use, or expected to be used commercially. These countries impede international technology transfer. In particular, there are many concrete examples of Japan’s interference, which require plans to cope with those attempts. It is necessary to abandon the concept that technology is part of foreign funding, but to perceive it as an independent unit. Furthermore, systems to maximize government support, to enable introduction and utilization of advanced technologies required by corporations, and to liberalize technology transfer through improving current processes should be implemented.
In order to facilitate data-based technology transfer, the collection of information should be expanded so as to determine appropriate technology.
It should be kept in mind that the objective of technology dealers is to maximize profits by trading away uncompetitive technologies through technology transfer. Therefore, it is important for buyers of technology to make a comprehensive analysis on the technical and market information of the technology, to assess the feasibility of the technology to be transferred.
기술이전의 과정과 정책에 관한 연구(A study on the process and policies of technology transfer)
|Series Title; No||정책연구시리즈 / 91-02|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < General|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|