This study aims to understand the problems of Seoul Capital Area (SCA) policy and suggests directions for SCA policy beyond the level of location restrictions.
Since the mid-1960s, the Korean government’s attempts to address centralization in SCA has have led to a number of nationwide issues. Policy measures to curb centralization of people and industries through regulations on physical location have shown their limitations since the late 80s, making it necessity to reconsider SCA policy. Arguably, the improvement of urban conditions is a more realistic policy direction than pursuing decentralization.
It is true that SCA policy needs to adapt to the rapid changes in domestic and international conditions. Policy should focus on reinforcing the original functions of SCAs that meet the needs for internationalization and opening as part of the policy for the entire land, and at the same time should be changed to strengthen policies for each segment directly related to citizens’ livelihood, such as transportation and the environment. The decentralization of SCA should not be set as the only policy goal, due to the concern over potential confusion caused by the abolishment of existing policy.
The Balanced Development Planning Team (BDPT) suggested policy far removed from the current decentralization policy for SCA. The BDPT report’s suggestions include: improving local conditions for corporate activity, raising the capacity for population settlement in rural areas, transitioning functions of the government from capital to rural areas, and introducing a new national operation system to mediate conflicts between urban and rural areas and between local areas that are expected to arise as the local government system is to be introduced.
National land development policies of the future should reject the belief that decentralization of SCA will result in local development, and should instead to encourage local areas to perform proper functions they are expected to serve through expansion of direct investment. Additionally, the SCA policy should introduce a sub-plan to help the metropolitan areas to serve its role efficiently.
입지규제중심의 수도권정책 평가와 개선방안(Evaluation of capital area policy based on location regulations and improvement direction)
|Series Title; No||정책연구시리즈 / 94-08|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|