This study examines the problems Korean agriculture faces, now in the midst of the current open economy, to suggest ways to enhance Korea’s agricultural competitiveness.
Agriculture in Korea, with serious structural vulnerability, raises questions as to how agriculture as a form of industry can maintain autonomy in Korea. Agriculture in Korea is fraught with problems, including a production structure characterized by small batch production, a decrease in agricultural population, population aging, an inefficient distribution system, and outdated technology, among others.
In order to solve these problems and enhance competitiveness, industrial policy and agricultural policy should be clearly distinguished from social welfare policy. Also, structural reform based on the market economy principle should be promoted in order to promote market principles instead of support for artificially administered prices. Also, the agricultural market should be open and organization of local agriculture should be implemented to minimize the disbandment of small-scale farms.
Rural areas in the 21st century are regions where agricultural population coexists with non-agricultural population. These regions should be able to meet basic needs so that residents can enjoy stable jobs and income. To that end, rural areas should be equipped with the proper living environment, including accessibility to cities and availability of education and medical services.
농업구조전망과 농정방향(A prospect of the agricultural structure and future direction for agricultural administration)
|Series Title; No||정책연구시리즈 / 94-16|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < Agriculture|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|