The objective of this study is twofold: first, to identify the current status of skilled workers available for employment in the heavy and chemical industries of Korea; and second, to thereby provide a general guideline on how to secure adequate supplies of such workers.
Skilled workers working in the heavy and chemical industries can be divided into two groups: craftspeople, who require long-term occupational training; and operators, who are in charge of operating specific equipment and machines. This study finds that there are approximately 33,000 craftspeople working in the Korean heavy and chemical industries today, and that such a number of craftspeople is far from sufficient to satisfy the demand, even after taking into account the number of craftspeople that will start working in these industries in the future, as envisioned by the Korean government’s plan to increase occupational training and recruitment campaigns for this particular type of worker. Moreover, the demand for operators will grow to 340,000 workers, which the current labor market is unable to provide. However, operators can be trained relatively easily and in shorter periods of time than craftspeople, and most of the training can be carried out while on the job.
In order to prevent the impending shortages of skilled workers in the near future, it is crucial to ensure that the Fourth Five-Year Economic Development Plan and its provisions for the systematic training of skilled workers by governmental agencies be fully implemented. Moreover, the current Vocational Training Act ought to be amended to provide additional incentives for people to become skilled workers. While businesses should be able to continue to provide training programs for their own operatives, the government should enact legal provisions allowing businesses to obtain reimbursements on the expenses and costs of providing such programs in the form of tax refunds or deductibles. These new radical measures would help solve the problem of frequent turnovers among workers in today’s Korean manufacturing sector.
기능공수급대책에 관한 연구(A study on measures to supply skilled workers)
|Series Title; No||정책연구시리즈 / 76-5|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Employment|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|