This study aims to confirm that to solve issues with low-income citizens, it is the government’s role to improve low-income housing, and to demonstrate the improvement directions.
A “low-income citizen” is defined as the recipient of the government’s livelihood program as they do not have the ability to maintain living. Most of these low-income citizens reside in groups, and most of their housings are unlicensed or dependent housing. Most of the he low-income residential areas are dependent residential areas where there are very few infrastructural facilities. These areas are located in mountain slopes or hillsides, and they are vulnerable to dangers such as landslides. They also face difficulties receiving urban services such as water supply and transportation. Furthermore, these dependent housings are likely to be damaged as a group in case of fire due to the fact that these houses are built with tents or boards that have low durability and high flammability. Additionally, these houses are usually small and clustered, and fire lanes in these areas are not equipped. These residential areas are likely to have social and political problems as their residential stability is often threatened by demolition or redevelopment, and the residents may feel alienated by the fact that they reside in a dependent area.
It is urgent for low-income citizens to improve their income level. Improved housing conditions will increase the income level, and a plan that gradually increases income should be prepared. In addition, redevelopment projects should not impact the residential stability of low-income citizens, but living conditions should be improved through on-site improvement methods by expanding the water supply and sewage systems, public restrooms, road pavement, day-care centers, etc. Furthermore, low-income citizens’ anxiety from threatened residential stability should be diminished by improving the residential environment of the existing group dependent housing district with on-site measures. The residential stability for the low-income citizens should be achieved through renovating houses and providing services such as transportation and medical care.
In conclusion, the government should implement low-income housing policy that would establish a housing system for low-income persons, and the supply and demand chain of this housing should be normalized through expanding financial support, which would enable low-income citizens to attain some purchasing power. This would solve the over-clustered dependent housing issue, and also play a crucial part in low-income housing improvement.
영세민주거현황 및 개선대책(The current low-income housing condition and its improvement plans)
|Series Title; No||정책연구시리즈|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Social Welfare|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|