The objective of this study is to analyze and review the improvement of social security systems, and to make suggestions towards their continued development.
In Korea, the necessity for a systematic approach to social welfare has existed since the Korean War. However, it was difficult for the government to welfare strategies due to a weak financial situation and an immature industrial foundation. During that time, foreign and domestic charity organizations were the main social welfare providers. In 1960’s, as economic development plans were established and implemented, foreign support organizations and domestic charity organizations gradually transferred the responsibility for social welfare to the government. After the mid-1970’s, the government primarily concentrated on the expansion of social welfare services in the physical sense. However, due to a failure to recognize the importance of non-physical services and to implement those services in social policy, problems in the efficiency and effectiveness of physical support began to emerge.
Most discourse on social welfare delivery systems emphasized the government’s social welfare systems, and indicated the following problems: First, due to disorganization in the ministries and departments related with social welfare, the inability to identify practical work or appropriate subjects, these departments are weak. Second, utilization of welfare benefits given to individuals, families and underprivileged groups is low because means of receiving those benefits have not been sufficiently advertised. Third, in the case of the common welfare administration system, the capability to accurately identify the needs of recipients is deficient due to the lack of professional social welfare specialists. Fourth, the common welfare system failed provide services responsive to the needs of beneficiaries due to bureaucratic authoritarianism, rigidity, standardization, and administrative opportunism. Fifth, as temporary measures have been favored over systematic measures to address social problems, the extant preventive measures and basic solution strategies of current problems are insufficient. Sixth, public servants working in the welfare system lack professionalism.
The delivery systems of private welfare part also exhibit the following problems: First, as private welfare organizations have a dependency on the government due to persistent financial difficulties, and as the government participates excessively in the operation of private social welfare organizations, the autonomy and professionalism of private sector has been restricted. Second, due to the dependency and indivisibility of private sector on, and from, the government, it is difficult to develop services to meet residents’ requirements. This has been caused by insufficient understanding of private welfare organizations and little participation by residents. Third, private welfare facilities have poor management and operation capabilities (due to volunteer staff), have insufficient professional ability to provide services, and have low social prestige. Fourth, the activities of consultative groups to establish welfare strategies, and to adjust services among private social welfare organizations, are weak, so services are overlapped and omitted.
These problems are caused by various factors, such as insufficient resources, lack of recognition of welfare, and insufficient knowledge and technique. The most important factor is insufficient social welfare delivery systems. Therefore, the participation of government departments and offices, as well as the private sector is necessary to improve social welfare delivery systems.
사회복지 전달체계의 개선과 전문인력 활용방안(Improvement measures of social welfare delivery system and the use of specialists)
|Series Title; No||연구보고 / 88-04|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Social Welfare|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|