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산업기술개발지원정책의 현황과 개선방안

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Title 산업기술개발지원정책의 현황과 개선방안
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Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

정준석

Publisher

서울:한국개발연구원

Date 1989
Series Title; No 연구보고 / 89-03
Pages 151
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding KDI; KDI School

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to reevaluate the Industrial Technology Development Support policy and suggest improvement measures in a changing society where economic scale is becoming bigger and liberalization and market competition theory is being implemented. By looking into Korea’s technological level in detail, industries such as automobile, electronic technology, machinery and fine chemistry, which are already included in developed countries, are still in the beginning stage. High-tech industries such as computer, system industry, genetic engineering, and renewable energy are also at the entry level. In terms of technological level in the field, processing and assembly technology is almost up to developed countries level, however, basic techniques such as metal, heat treatment, welding, and plate are behind.

The Korean government implemented many regulations and support systems in relation to science and technology, and created the Ministry of Science and Technology and Korea Science Institute to train talents. These policies include financial support including tax incentive, subsidy, investment, loan, and credit guarantee that are similar to developed countries. Recently, to establish a basis for industrial technology, regulation related to creating manufacturing technology research institute and supporting funds were put into place, so it is ready to move forward by adopting new technologies. A majority of Korean companies tend to focus on expanding the market share, and rather than product development, there is tendency to secure a stable market. It is desirable to induce companies to develop technologies so that financial support is distributed equally and fairly based on the market competition theory, but exclude high-tech industry and small-medium enterprises from this policy.

The government must remove regulations that limit competition or government restrictions and create an environment where technological development is competitive. Also, technological support in high-tech industry and small-medium enterprises should be done through tax incentive, financial support, the training and development of talent, and academic-industrial cooperation.