The purpose of this study is to review the overall management, including administration, finance, numbers of teachers, and student selection procedures of private schools. The paper draws policy alternatives to stabilize private education, which is the most important and inevitable in development of Korea’s education system.
The legal basis for the regulation of private schools is the education law and private school law. After amending the private school law in 1981, due to excessive supervision by the government, excessive authority, and uniformed administration over the legalization and management of the school, the private school sector has been defensive. Control of the private school should be shifted from supervision to support and fostering, and amend clauses in order to empower private schools. Middle school teachers are not well guaranteed with personal status and low change of being promoted and newly employed, yet due to their work load, the retirement rate is 2.5~3 times higher than the public school. Moreover, at the university level, there are issues with qualification, composition and number of faculties with doctorate degree, which shows wide difference from public university. In terms of middle school teachers, training and certification system should be put into place, increase promotion rate and transfer chances, and institutionalize guarantee of their status up to the level of public education officer. Private universities should generalize public recruitment, establish uniformed regulations to recruit experienced faculty, and regulate fair evaluation system for promotion.
Under the basic understanding that standardization of high schools is to decrease negative effect on current customs, it is important to restore students’ rights by allowing them to choose their own schools and also promote equal development of three parties (government, schools, and students) including government’s supervisory power over education. Regulation on college entrance, established in 1980, should expand private schools’ right to choose its own students and strengthen evaluation on eligibility while generalizing grades and achievement test.
Moreover, there is an issue with lack of financing within private schools, as it relies highly on the payment, lack of legal financial contribution, and the government funding is concentrated towards the middle school. It is necessary that all the funds should be secured from payment and financial support regardless of public or private school. Middle schools’ increased payment should be controlled and expand financial support, and above high school the payment should rely on the beneficiary.
사학운영의 과제와 개선방안
|Series Title; No||연구보고 / 86-03|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Education|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|