This study aims to analyze the developmental roles required of growth center cities, to determine the tasks of local administration for reformed municipal administration and to provide solutions to them.
Given the negative impacts of sprawling urbanization due to rapid industrialization and excessive expansion of mega-cities, it is urgent to examine the developmental roles of emerging small and medium-sized cities and try to find ways to improve municipal administration. The second National Comprehensive Development Plan aims to achieve socio-economic development through balanced land development by designating 15 growth center cities.
Small and medium-sized cities play important roles in the rapid industrialization process, such as leading regional development, containing excessive concentration of population in major cities, spreading modern values, and serving as cradles of political/administrative progress. However, progress in the 15 small and medium-sized cities designated in the 1970s has not been very remarkable, especially compared to the fast-growing big cities. They are expected to play bigger roles through policy adjustments and administrative reforms in the 1980s. A capability analysis of municipal administration also confirmed the relatively unsatisfactory performance of the 15 cities. Functional categories of municipal budgets and the degree of city residents’ welfare demand satisfaction measured by net inter-regional migration show the low degree of small cities’ administrative capabilities.
Enabling small and medium-sized cities to play the desired level of developmental roles requires adjusting jurisdiction between central and local government, expanding and improving the operation of municipal budgets, securing comparative advantages of the cities, institutionalizing comprehensive development plans of municipal regions, developing and managing linkages of small and medium-sized cities, management skills innovation of municipal administration, and reforming municipal administration organizations and human resources management. Municipal administration is not a static, mechanical mechanism. It should be viewed as an active process that takes part in the national development and leads the development of regional communities. Therefore, more emphasis should be put on the developmental dynamics of municipal administration in the future.
도시행정의 발전적 기능과 개선방향
|Series Title; No||연구보고 / 83-10|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|
|Holding||KDI; KDI School|