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Growth with gender inequity : Another look at East Asian development

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The Republic of Korea and the Taiwan Province of China stand out as success stories of economic development. Since the 1960s they have not only sustained growth on the basis of export-oriented manufacturing but have also maintained a relatively equitable income distribution and achieved high levels of well-being. The policies that shaped the East Asian development path have been the subject of intense debate. 1 In the early 1990s, this debate produced broad consensus regarding the considerable divergence from orthodox economic policies, albeit disagreement on the key policies that produced the economic success of Taiwan and Korea and their replicability elsewhere remained (World Bank 1993; Chang 2003). Studies of East Asian development through a gender lens also generated a parallel consensus on women’s roles in the development strategy adopted and the gender-differentiated effects. There is widespread recognition that export-oriented growth in the 1960s and 1970s was fuelled by massive recruitment and the deployment of women as low-wage workers in labour-intensive manufacturing, and that this process produced gender earnings inequalities that persisted into the 1980s and early 1990s, in spite of women’s relative gains in education and labour-market experience. 2 Some scholars have attributed the persistence of earnings inequalities to the imperative of maintaining export competitiveness in labour-intensive industries on the basis of women’s lower-paid labour, 3 while


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Title Growth with gender inequity
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Another look at East Asian development

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Berik, Günseli

Publisher

UNRISD

Date 2005
Pages 40
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Education
Social Development < Gender