The ‘New Waves’ of accelerated globalization, arrival of the knowledge-based society, and advances in information technology have engendered a sense of crisis about Korea’s education system, which had been the major vehicle for its political, economic, and social development in the past. More directly, the national economic crisis that hit the Korean peninsula hard in the mid-1990s became a momentum to launch intensive restructuring in virtually all sectors of the nation. In this context, Korea has been continuing a strong reform drive in education, with the Presidential advisory organ at its center.
Although the teacher policy has never been omitted from the education reform measures advanced by successive political regimes, compared to the number of announced measures, the extent to which those measures were implemented in the educational setting and created change has remained unsatisfactory. The teaching profession used to be one of the traditionally revered vocations in Korea. However, it is losing its old charm as the socioeconomic status of teachers continues to drop.
The shaping and implementation of the teacher policy have recently been influenced strongly by such events as the formation of the Korea Teachers and Workers Union, lowering of the teachers’ retirement age, and adoption of the new curriculum and student evaluation method. Those events, combined with the prevalent sense of crisis in public education and the society’s negative perception toward teachers, have created a negative effect of severely lowering teacher morale. Hence, the government announced and pushed forward its implementation of the ‘Comprehensive Measure to Develop the Teaching Profession’ aimed chiefly at heightening the teacher morale and professionalism.(The rest is omitted)
Attracting, developing and retaining effective teachers
Background report for Korea
Seoul:Korean Educational Development Institute
|Series Title; No||OR / 2002-8|
|ISBN||89-8388 664-1 93370|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Education|