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Attracting, developing and retaining effective teachers : Background report for Korea

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Frame of Image oping and Retaining Effective Teachers: Background Report for Korea
Authors: Ee-gyeong Kim & You-kyung Han
ISBN 89-8388 664-1 93370
Printed in Seoul, Korea by Yeamoon Press
Copies may be ordered from: Korean Educational Development Institute 92-6 Umyeong-dong, Seocho-gu Seoul 137-791 Tel: 82-3-3460-0221 Fax: 82-2-3460-0117 e-mail: ekim@kedi.re.kr
FOREWORD
We do not need to emphasize any stronger that teachers are the core element that influences the quality of education and determines success or failure of education. Hence, the efforts to attract excellent human talents to teaching profession, develop and retain them are directly related to the improvement of educational quality. That was why the teacher policy has never been omitted in the education reform measures advanced by the successive political regimes of Korea. However, in spite of the numerous measures, the actual support and the will to generate change has remained weak. Particularly, the problems of continued decline of teachers’ rights and image since the mid1990s, combined with many facets of educational problems accumulated over a long time, has expanded to a massive social problem called the crisis of public education. Moreover, a series of events occurred recently, such as the reduction of the teacher retirement age has had the effect of even further depressing the already distressed teaching profession, further lowering the teacher morale. Therefore, it is more urgent than ever to secure able and dedicated t


Full Text
Title Attracting, developing and retaining effective teachers
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Background report for Korea

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kim, Ee-gyeong; Han, You-kyung

Publisher

Seoul:Korean Educational Development Institute

Date 2002
Series Title; No OR / 2002-8
ISBN 89-8388 664-1 93370
Pages 116
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Social Development < Education
Holding KEDI

Abstract

The ‘New Waves’ of accelerated globalization, arrival of the knowledge-based society, and advances in information technology have engendered a sense of crisis about Korea’s education system, which had been the major vehicle for its political, economic, and social development in the past. More directly, the national economic crisis that hit the Korean peninsula hard in the mid-1990s became a momentum to launch intensive restructuring in virtually all sectors of the nation. In this context, Korea has been continuing a strong reform drive in education, with the Presidential advisory organ at its center.
Although the teacher policy has never been omitted from the education reform measures advanced by successive political regimes, compared to the number of announced measures, the extent to which those measures were implemented in the educational setting and created change has remained unsatisfactory. The teaching profession used to be one of the traditionally revered vocations in Korea. However, it is losing its old charm as the socioeconomic status of teachers continues to drop.
The shaping and implementation of the teacher policy have recently been influenced strongly by such events as the formation of the Korea Teachers and Workers Union, lowering of the teachers’ retirement age, and adoption of the new curriculum and student evaluation method. Those events, combined with the prevalent sense of crisis in public education and the society’s negative perception toward teachers, have created a negative effect of severely lowering teacher morale. Hence, the government announced and pushed forward its implementation of the ‘Comprehensive Measure to Develop the Teaching Profession’ aimed chiefly at heightening the teacher morale and professionalism.(The rest is omitted)