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An approach to introduce biodiversity components for the EIA system in Korea

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Frame of Image 황이 지속되면 우리나라의 생물다 양성이 급격히 감소할 것이다. 따라서 우리도 생물다양성의 손실을 최소화하도록 지침을 준비하는 것이 시급한 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 현재 환경영향평가 시스템의 잠정적인 문제를 평가하고, 현재 시스템에 생물다양성/생태계 항목을 어떻게 도입할 것인가에 대한 정보를 제공하기 위해 고속도로 건설사업에 대한 32개의 환경영향평가서를 분석하였다. 평가서의 분석에서 서식지 및 생물다양성을 다루는 경우는 드물었 고 생물다양성 이슈들의 평가가 거의 없는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 현재 시스템의 현황조사와 영향예측 및 상응하는 저감대책에 생물다양성 이슈들을 고려하도록 개선할 필요가 있다.
Abstract
In foreign countries, efforts are in progress to apply guidelines to minimize the loss of biodiversity within environmental assessment, yet those efforts have not been considered in Korea. If this continues, biodiversity in our nation will quickly diminish. Therefore, Korea needs to urgently prepare guidelines that minimize the loss of biodiversity. In this study 32 environmental impact assessment statements on express-highway construction projects were analyzed to evaluate potential problems with the current EIA system and to provide ideas on how to introduce a biodiversity/ecosystem item into the system. In the analyses of the 32 statements, few contents that deal with habitat/biodiversity were found and a lack of assessment of biodiversity issues was noticed in the EIA system in Korea. The system, therefore, should be improved to consider biodiversity issues in the survey, to predict impacts on biodiversity, and to establish corresponding mitigation measures.
❙Keywords ❙ Biodiversity,  Environmental  Impact  Assessment,  Highway  Construction
An Approach to Introduce Biodiversity Components for the EIA System in Korea _
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Full Text
Title An approach to introduce biodiversity components for the EIA system in Korea
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kwon, Younghan

Publisher

[Seoul]:Korea Environment Institute

Date 2008-06
Journal Title; Vol./Issue 환경정책연구:7/2
Pages 14
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < Environment
Holding Korea Environment Institute

Abstract

In foreign countries, efforts are in progress to apply guidelines to minimize the loss of biodiversity within environmental assessment, yet those efforts have not been considered in Korea. If this continues, biodiversity in our nation will quickly diminish. Therefore, Korea needs to urgently prepare guidelines that minimize the loss of biodiversity. In this study 32 environmental impact assessment statements on express-highway construction projects were analyzed to evaluate potential problems with the current EIA system and to provide ideas on how to introduce a biodiversity/ecosystem item into the system. In the analyses of the 32 statements, few contents that deal with habitat/biodiversity were found and a lack of assessment of biodiversity issues was noticed in the EIA system in Korea. The system, therefore, should be improved to consider biodiversity issues in the survey, to predict impacts on biodiversity, and to establish corresponding mitigation measures.