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Lessons from transition in urban transport policy

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Title Lessons from transition in urban transport policy
Similar Titles
Project Category Development Cases
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Hwang, Sang-kyu; Kim, Youngkook; Sung, Hyungun; Park, Byung-jung; Mo, Changhwan; Kwon, Youngjong; Moon, Yung-jun

Publisher

[Gyeonggi]:The Korea Transport Institute

Date 2012
Project Development Cases
Series Title; No KOTI Knowledge Sharing Report / Issue 3
ISBN 978-89-5503-483-7
Pages 190
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < Transport/Logistics
Holding The Korea Transport Institute

Abstract

Urbanization is one of the global phenomena that will continue to grow further. According to a report by World Bank1 , the world urban population is expected to grow by 2.8 billion between 2010 and 2050. Further, 96 percent of this urban population will be located in low or middle-income countries. The gravity of urban areas not only attracts population but also industries, cultures, politics, and other social elements. This phenomenon is a natural consequence that arises on the path of economic development since the concentration of these elements within a certain range of space could act as a stimulator for further growth by maximizing their synergy effects. Even though the urbanization has positive effects on economic prosperity, it does have negative effects on social welfare. The negative side effects stem from time lags between growth speed for urban elements and adequate facility developments that could absorb overflows of populations, traffic demands, and energy consumptions on time (rest omitted).