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Bus system reform in Korea

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Frame of Image Bus System Reform in Korea by Kwang Sik Kim and Gyeng Chul Kim Copyright © 2012 by The Korea Transport Institute All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means without the prior written consent of the publisher. Published by The Korea Transport Institute (KOTI) 315, Goyangdaero, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 411-701, Republic of Korea Phone +82-31-910-3114 Fax +82-31-910-3222 Hompage www.koti.re.kr 값 15,000원 ISBN 978-89-5503-476-9 93530
(재판)ksp_Chapter_1_최종(1-19).indd 2
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ISSue
KOTI Knowledge Sharing Report
01
Korea’s Best Practices in the Transport Sector
Bus System Reform in Korea
Kwang Sik Kim, Ph.D. Professor, Sungkyunkwan University Gyeng Chul Kim, Ph.D. President, The Korea Transport Institute
(재판)ksp_Chapter_1_최종(1-19).indd 3
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• Preface
Over the past half century, Korea has achieved phenomenal economic growth at a rapid, unprecedented rate. As a result, the international community is paying attention to Korea’s economic development experience, expecting the nation to play the role of a middleman between advanced and developing countries. Furthermore, there is a growing demand in the international community for knowledge sharing concerning Korea’s experience in the transport sector, which served as the cornerstone of the nation’s economic growth. Korea’s transport policy has been successful in terms of facilitating economic growth as well as promoting a sustainable transpor


Full Text
Title Bus system reform in Korea
Similar Titles
Project Category Development Cases
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kim, Kwang Sik; Kim, Gyeng Chul

Publisher

[Gyeonggi]:The Korea Transport Institute

Date 2012
Project Development Cases
Series Title; No KOTI Knowledge Sharing Report / Issue 1
ISBN 978-89-5503-476-9
Pages 150
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < Transport/Logistics
Holding The Korea Transport Institute

Abstract

Seoul City drastically reformed its bus transport system on July 1, 2004. Demand for public transport like buses had kept declining in relative terms since the 1990s, whereas private car ownership and usage had significantly increased with improvement in citizens’ income levels. While citizens had been desirous of highquality transport services and improvement in related environments, the bus transport sector had just repeated old practices without making an effort to keep up with changing user attitudes. In particular, many private-sector bus operators had been more interested in gaining profits than in serving the public interest through passenger transportation. Once they had been given permits to run buses on certain routes, such operators had held a near-monopoly status on the routes, acting as if they were their personal property. In addition, the poor services toward passengers had led to a reduction in ridership and subsequently, a plunge in fare revenues. (rest omitted)