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Education and inclusive growth – Korean experience

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KDI School Working Paper
Education and Inclusive Growth – Korean Experience
Sung Joon PAIK (KDI School)
The Korean education system has developed very rapidly in both quantitative and qualitative terms since the 1950s and made considerable contribution to inclusive growth in Korea. In what ways has the Korean education system played a positive role in approaching the inclusive growth in Korea? Considering that the fundamental theme of the inclusive growth is to guarantee equal opportunity, this paper analyzes key educational policies and their results in terms of (1) equal access to education, (2) equal educational treatment, and (3) equal educational outcomes. Key questions and findings are as follows: What policies has Korea adopted to increase access to education and to provide equal educational services? After the Korean War, Korea adopted sequential educational expansion policies to provide educational opportunities step by step (universalization of primary education  middle school  high school  higher education). What investment strategies has Korea used to support the implementation of those policies? In order to support educational expansion policies, the Korean government maintained its commitment to educational investment by shifting its investment priority in the same sequential manner from primary education to higher education. To secure the budget needed the government utilized private con


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Title Education and inclusive growth – Korean experience
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Paik, Sung Joon

Publisher

[Sejong, Korea]:KDI School of Public Policy and Management

Date 2015-12
Series Title; No KDI school of pub policy & management paper / 15-09
Pages 44
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < Economic Administration
Social Development < Education
Holding KDI School of Public Policy and Management

Abstract

The Korean education system has developed very rapidly in both quantitative and qualitative terms since the 1950s and made considerable contribution to inclusive growth in Korea. In what ways has the Korean education system played a positive role in approaching the inclusive growth in Korea? Considering that the fundamental theme of the inclusive growth is to guarantee equal opportunity, this paper analyzes key educational policies and their results in terms of (1) equal access to education, (2) equal educational treatment, and (3) equal educational outcomes. Key questions and findings are as follows: What policies has Korea adopted to increase access to education and to provide equal educational services? After the Korean War, Korea adopted sequential educational expansion policies to provide educational opportunities step by step (universalization of primary education→middle school→high school→higher education). What investment strategies has Korea used to support the implementation of those policies? (The rest omitted)