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한국의 공정성 규범에 대한 실증분석과 소득재분배 정책에의 시사점(Empirical study on the relationship between fairness norms and income redistribution policy in Korea )

Related Document
Frame of Image 찬반논 쟁이 되풀이되고 있다. 재분배 정책을 둘러싼 이 같은 대립은, 그 이면에 각기 다른 관념적이 고 추상적인 규범적 기준이 작용하고 있는 데서 비롯된 것으로 보인다. 한마디로 우리 사회에 재분배 기준에 관한 사회적 합의가 부재함을 반증 하는 것이다. 본 보고서는 우리 사회의 소득공정성 및 재분배 규범을 다루고 있지만, 접근방식은 기존의 논의와는 전혀 다르다. 본 보고서에서는 공정성에 관
한 사회적 규범이 선험적으로 주어져 있거나 연역적으로 도출될 수 있는 것이 아니라 실제 그 사회의 구성원들이 무엇을 공정하다고 보는지에 달 려있다고 파악한다. 이러한 관점하에 우리 국민들이 소득불평등과 소득 재분배 정책에 대해 어떤 판단기준과 선호를 갖고 있는지를 실증분석하 는 데 역점을 두고 있다. 이처럼 동시대 국민들 개개인의 인식이 그 사회의 공정성 규범을 구성 한다는 관점에 서면, 다음으로 개인들마다 천차만별인 공정성 기준과 재 분배 선호를 어떻게 집약하는 것이 사회적으로 가장 바람직할 것인가의 문제가 제기된다. 이 점이 공정성에 관한 평균적 선호가 아니라 개개인들 의 선호의 분포가 분석대상이 되어야 한다는 저자의 문제의식으로 이어지 고 있으며, 이러한 시각 역시 종전에는 시도되지 않았던 접근방법이다. 필자가 보고서 말미에 언급한 바와 같이, 우리 사회에서 재분배에 관 한 사회적 합의의 토대를 쌓기 위해서는 재분배의 기준을 제시하는 공정 성 담론을 규범적, 정치적 논쟁이 아니라 실증적 분석대상으로 끌어들일 필요가 있을 것이다. 본 연구가 그 변화의 밑거름이 된다면 큰 보람일 것 이다.
2015년 12
월
한국개발연구원 원장
김준경
목차
발간사 요 약 ······························································································································ 1
제1장 서 론················································································································ 제2장 이론적 논의···································································································
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제1절 소득불평등 심화와 소득공정성 규범 ···················································· 10 제2절 공정성과 재분배 기준 ··········································································· 14 제3절 재분배 선호 ··························································································· 17 제4절 소득공정성 규범과 재분배 지출의 관계 ···········


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Title 한국의 공정성 규범에 대한 실증분석과 소득재분배 정책에의 시사점(Empirical study on the relationship between fairness norms and income redistribution policy in Korea )
Similar Titles
Material Type Report
Author(Korean)

황수경

Publisher

세종 : 한국개발연구원

Date 2015-12
Series Title; No 정책연구시리즈 / 2015-05
ISBN 979-11-5932-086-6
Pages 119
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < Economic Administration
Economy < Economic System
Holding 한국개발연구원; KDI국제정책대학원
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Abstract

Does the demand for redistributive policy increase in response to intensifying income inequality within a society? If so, as price is adjusted to eliminate excess supply and demand and return the market to equilibrium, there exists a form of control device that withstands deepening income inequality. Unfortunately, there is no such conspicuous correlation between income inequality and redistributive policy Some researchers, including Alesina and Angeletos(2005), have shown that the decision-making on redistributive policy is not affected by income inequality itself but is directly influenced by the judgment on income inequality by members of society; specifically, the social and normative perceptions regarding the fairness of the fundamental sources of income inequality. This study departs from the awareness of such an issue. The problem with determining the optimal level of redistribution in a society is figuring out which part is to be subjected to the redistribution with regards to income inequality. The criteria should be based on people’s normative perceptions of fairness within their society. The definition of social norm regarding fairness in this paper is neither given as already known(‘a priori’) nor deductively inferred but is embedded in an individual’s judgment of what is considered fair. From this perspective, the World Values Survey is used to empirically examine Koreans’ perceptions about fairness and preferences for redistribution. Of course, fairness norms covered in this study are restricted to income inequality and distributional justice. Distributional justice, in this context, refers to the criteria for fair distribution of physical resources such as income and wealth amongst the members of a society. In addition, preference of the norms of fairness and redistribution can differ on a person-to-person basis, and social beliefs have to be defined in such a way that can best represent and describe the preferences of each individual. Therefore, the distribution, not the average, is the core subject of analysis. Additionally, the study uses kernel density estimation as an appropriate method and scrutinizes some of the factors that determine people’s spectrum of fairness perceptions.