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중학생 경제교육 활성화를 위한 프로젝트 학습 적용 및 영향 평가(Application of project-based learning and impact evaluation for fostering economic education in middle school)

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Title 중학생 경제교육 활성화를 위한 프로젝트 학습 적용 및 영향 평가(Application of project-based learning and impact evaluation for fostering economic education in middle school)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

김부열; 박윤수; 최승주

Publisher

세종 : 한국개발연구원

Date 2017-04
Series Title; No 정책연구시리즈 / 2017-08
ISBN 979-11-5932-283-9
Pages 83
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < General
Social Development < Education
Holding 한국개발연구원; KDI국제정책대학원
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Abstract

This report evaluates the impacts of KDI Economic Information and Education Center (EIEC)’s economic education program to middle school students in Sejong city in 2016. The program was designed to give 7th grade students a two-hour weekly economic education session for 8 weeks. Students participated in a group-based project to provide financial advice for clients while hosting a virtual TV show ‘Master of Financial Planning.’ It is expected that students come to understand the core economic concepts such as income, expenditure, asset, credit, and reasonable consumption when engaging in the program. In order to evaluate the program impacts, we restricted the sample to schools where two classes sequentially participated in the economic education program and used difference-in-differences specification by exploiting the variation of students’ program participation timing within a school. 264 students in six middle schools in Sejong city participated in the surveys with the informed consents from students, parents, and schools. The baseline survey was conducted in August 2016 right before the economic education program started, The endline survey was conducted in October 2016 after completing the eight-week program for the first batch of students. We collected students’ economic knowledge, financial literacy, behaviors, preference, rational decision making, and other background information such as socio-economic status through self-reported questionnaire and lab experiments. We find that the economic education program has some positive impacts on students’ economic knowledge but does not have significant impacts on behaviors, preference, quality of decision making. Considering the fact that the EIEC’s economic education program was only for eight weeks (16 hours in total), the short-term economic education may have limitations on influencing behaviors, preferences, and decision making quality. Meanwhile, we find heterogeneity on students’ economic knowledge, behaviors, preferences, decision making quality by cognitive ability and gender. Those who have higher cognitive ability tend to have higher economic knowledge, risk-loving preference, and rational decision making. Female students are more risk-averse, are likely to experience more imitative consumption, are less consistent and stationary in time preference, compared to male students even after controlling cognitive ability and household characteristics.