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근로능력빈곤층에 대한 소득지원정책 개선방안 연구(A study on income support policy for the working poor)

Related Document
Frame of Image 여러 나라에서 시행되고 있 으나, 우리나라의 특수성을 고려하여 우리나라 상황에 맞게 정책을 설계
⋅시행하는 것이 필요하기 때문이다.
이에 본 보고서는 우리나라 근로능력빈곤층에 대한 현황 파악을 바탕 으로 관련 지원정책들을 평가함으로써 근로능력빈곤층 소득지원정책에 대한 시사점을 제시하고 있다. 특히 실제 근로능력빈곤층과 관련 소득지 원정책의 대상을 비교하여 살펴봄으로써, 근로능력빈곤층에 대한 소득지 원정책 설계 시 정책대상을 분명히 할 필요가 있음을 보이고 있다. 또한 소득지원과 근로 및 자립 유인 제고라는 두 가지 정책목표 각각에 대해 관련 소득지원정책들을 평가함으로써 정책에 대한 개선방안을 도출하고
INSIDabcdef_:MS_0001MS_0001
발간사
있다. 본 연구에서 실증적 결과들을 토대로 도출하고 있는 이러한 정책 적 시사점들이 근로능력빈곤층을 위한 소득지원정책을 수립하는 데 도움 이 되기를 기대한다. 저자는 본 보고서가 완성되기까지 여러 조언과 비판을 아끼지 않은 동 료 연구위원들과 익명의 검토자 두 분에게 감사의 뜻을 전한다. 또한 자 료를 정리하고 분석하는 데 큰 도움을 준 권형준 전문연구원에게 감사의 뜻을 전한다. 마지막으로 본 보고서에 제시된 견해는 집필자 개인의 의견이며, 본원 의 공식 견해가 아님을 밝혀 두는 바이다. 2018년 12월
한국개발연구원 원장
최정표
INSIDabcdef_:MS_0001MS_0001
목차
발간사 요 약 ······························································································································ 1
제1장 서 론················································································································ 제2장 근로빈곤 및 근로능력빈곤 현황································································ 제3장 근로능력빈곤층에 대한 소득지원정책 개괄···········································
5 8 20
제1절 기초생활보장제도 ················································································· 21 제2절 근로장려세제 ························································································ 23
제4장 근로능력빈곤층에 대한 소득지원정책 효과···········································
27
제1절 탈수급 및 노동공급 효과 ···································································· 27 제2절 기초생활보장제도와 근


Full Text
Title 근로능력빈곤층에 대한 소득지원정책 개선방안 연구(A study on income support policy for the working poor)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

이영욱

Publisher

세종 : 한국개발연구원

Date 2018-12
Series Title; No 정책연구시리즈 / 2018-05
ISBN 979-11-5932-386-7
Pages 96
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Documents
Original Format pdf
Subject Economy < Economic Conditions
Social Development < Social Welfare
Social Development < Employment
Holding 한국개발연구원; KDI국제정책대학원
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the working poor and evaluate the current income support programs in order to derive the policy implications of income support policies. The policies, which target the working poor, have two possibly conflicting policy goals; to support income and encourage work. As such, an accurate assessment of the working poor and current policy effects is needed to design the policy. The problem of in-work poverty is serious among the elderly. Accordingly, a large portion of the working poor are from households without spouses and children. This is a different pattern from other countries where in-work poverty is severe among families with children. This study also evaluates the effects of two income support policies including the working poor as recipients, the Earned Income Tax Credit(EITC) and Basic Livelihood Security Program(BLSP) from the perspective of income support and self-reliance support. The main findings can be summarized as follows. First, the poverty reduction effect of the BLSP benefits is much greater than that of the EITC. The main beneficiaries of the BLSP are the elderly in households without children, but the EITC is primarily for households with children. Second, the presence of workable persons in a household increases the likelihood of leaving the BLSP. However, self-reliance programs within the BLSP have a negative impact on their exit from the welfare program. Third, the EITC expansion, which includes seniors without spouses and children, increases the labor force participation rate of the elderly.
The findings suggest that the target of the income support policy should be set based on an assessment of the current conditions of the working poor. In particular, the policy target for the EITC, a major support program for the working poor, should be readjusted and benefits should be expanded for households without children and spouses to support the elderly who live in severe in-work poverty. Also, programs to support self-reliance should be strengthened along with income support programs. The BLSP, which encompasses those who can and cannot work, has a fundamental limitation in promoting work. The design of a separate income support policy that interacts with active labor market policies may be necessary to support the working poor.