The unemployment rate of people aged between 15 and 29 is at its highest level since 2000. Job competition is as high as it can be among those who enter the labor market. Therefore, fair competition and equality of opportunity cannot be more important. Korean society has placed more emphasis on educational background, especially which college the person graduated, when it evaluates a person’s qualifications. Also Korean companies have focused on an applicant’s educational background rather than on his/her competency to do the job. However, more companies have adopted competency-base hiring systems recently. In 2015, the Korean government started to encourage the use of the NCS (National Competency Standards) in hiring new employees in public institutions.
The purpose of this study was to explore the current status of competency-based hiring among Korean companies, and to make suggestions for its proliferation. A survey was conducted and 449 HR managers responded. Five case studies were conducted: one small sized private company, one conglomerate, and three public institutions. To identify perceptions and needs of both supply and demand sides, HR managers from the private and public sectors, job seekers, and career center staffs in colleges were interviewed. Suggestions for developing competency-based hiring were discussed.
The Korean government should provide clear policy guidelines for NCS-based hiring. The revision of related laws should be considered to enhance fairness and equality in companies’ hiring process. Success cases of NCS-based hiring should be accumulated and disseminated and continuous support and monitoring should be accompanied as well. Linkage of NCS-based hiring and existing policies which target HR practices will bring about synergy.
청년층 고용확대를 위한 직무역량 중심 채용시스템 연구
세종 : 한국직업능력개발원
|Series Title; No||기본연구 / 2015-23|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Employment|