This research focuses on the spatial logics of port-city relationships in Europe, to be compared to the Asian and, in particular, the Korean case. The main goal is to propose some reflections from which Korean players may put their strategies in perspective. Five steps compose the body of the report. First of all, the first chapter recalls the European and Asian stakes of port-city relationships, allowing to formulate some hypothesis on the two areas’ specific structures, to be verified later in following chapters. The second chapter proposes a review of academic literature in order to clarify the “port city” concept, given the theoretical and practical lacks on this issue in spite of numerous previous works. The third and fourth chapters are the core of the research, assuming respectively a quantitative analysis (presentation of the data and methodology, factor analysis, cartography of the results and typology), and a qualitative analysis (a smaller sample of eight port cities is chosen and compared through graphical models). The fifth chapter proposes to apply the same methods on an Asian sample, and finishes on centring around the Korean case. Finally, the sixth chapter gives some conclusions to the research, together with some policy implications for the Korean case, through the idea of necessary complementarity and equilibrium between port and urban spaces and functions, so as to cope with the growing pressures from international transport.