Korea tries to play an active role in international development communities as a new member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC). Korea has taken steps to strengthen its position as a donor by increasing its aid volume and quality. In this context, Korea’s engagement with multilateral development organizations is expected to grow and Korea should take the opportunity to extend its global influence and develop strategic linkages between its bilateral and multilateral assistance. This study analyzed the global trend and major issues of multilateral aid to suggest Korea’s strategic direction and draw policy implications.
This paper firstly reviewed the trend of multilateral aid of DAC donors, the structure and main activities of key multilateral agencies such as UNs and multilateral development banks (MDBs). The global volume of multilateral aid as of 2008 reached at 35.5 billion dollars which takes 26% of total ODA flow. Korea provided 268 million dollars for the same period, standing at the second highest among the DAC members in terms of the share of multilateral aid in a country’s total ODA.
A review of the multilateral aid strategies of Denmark, Australia, and Switzerland was conducted. Denmark established its multilateral strategy in 1990s and has been systemically approaching with its efforts to cooperate with other donors to assess the effectiveness of multilateral aid and develop its own multilateral evaluation framework. Australia has similarity with Korea in terms of multilateral aid volume and its strong focus on MDBs. Australia has high portion of non-core contribution to actively engage with the Asia Pacific region and flexibly respond to regional challenges, meeting its economic and security interests. Switzerland has two main pillars of aid similar to Korea but effectively cooperates among various domestic actors to build common multilateral aid strategies.
- 우리나라 다자원조 추진 전략과 정책과제(Enhancing the effectiveness of South Korea's multilateral aid)
- 정지원; 권율; 한바란; 정지선; 박수경; 이계우
우리나라 다자원조 추진 전략과 정책과제(Enhancing the effectiveness of South Korea's multilateral aid)
서울 : 대외경제정책연구원
|Series Title; No||연구보고서 / 10-26|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Official Aid < Multi-Sector|