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Some Thoughts on Medium- and Long-Term Social Development Plans in Pakistan

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  • Some Thoughts on Medium- and Long-Term Social Development Plans in Pakistan
  • Yeon, Hacheong연하청
  • Korea Development Institute
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Title Some Thoughts on Medium- and Long-Term Social Development Plans in Pakistan
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Yeon, Hacheong

Author(Korean)

연하청

Publisher

Seoul:Korea Development Institute

Date 1986
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Others
Holding Korea Development Institute

Abstract

"This paper was written when the author was in Pakistan as a consultant to the Government of Pakistan. the consultancy was funded by the United Nations development Program and administered by the Ministry of Planning and Development of Pakistan.

1. The most critical factors in measuring the effectiveness of national socio-economic plans are: how well suited the plan is th the cultural and social background of the country and the current political and economic systems; how effectively the plans respond to changes in both external and internal conditions; and how effectively the government leaders can mobilize enthusiasm for the implementation of the plans.

2. Aside from a limited number of large-scale projects, investment choices should be left to private initiative; the government should do no more than indicate the general framework and direction in which such choices should be made. The government should further reduce its market intervention of regulation and protection and should provide a new incentive system to foster creative endeavors in the private sector. It is recommended, however, that the government intervene directly in the areas of basic needs such as education, housing, and health care, and thus complement market mechanisms. With respect to social development, the government should design investment programs in order to maintain a consistent, well-organized policy within the limit of overall financial resources.

3. Consequently, in order to carry out these responsibilities, the Planning Commission should exercise full control over the government budget and should also be equipped with the nations's statistical bureau to monitor and survey economic trends through a nationwide network. The Government of Pakistan could not make systematic socio-economic development plans due to the shortage of basic data and socio-economic statistics essential to development planning. High priority should be given to improving both the database for central and regional planning purposes and the system of population registration for more effective utilization of this source for planning purposes."