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Political institutions, democracy and welfare: a comparative study of norway and korea : Political institutions, democracy and welfare: a comparative study of Norway and Korea (English)

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  • Political institutions, democracy and welfare: a comparative study of norway and korea : Political institutions, democracy and welfare: a comparative study of Norway and Korea (English)
  • Kuhnle, Stein; Selle, Per; Kwon, Huck-ju; Prakash, Sanjeev
  • World Bank (WB)


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Title Political institutions, democracy and welfare: a comparative study of norway and korea : Political institutions, democracy and welfare: a comparative study of Norway and Korea (English)
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Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kuhnle, Stein; Selle, Per; Kwon, Huck-ju; Prakash, Sanjeev

Publisher

World Bank (WB)

Date 2002
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Social Welfare

Abstract

In this paper the authors compare developments in Norway and Korea, which have both experienced relatively rapid economic growth, Norway during most of the 20th century, Korea since the 1960s. The histories of the two national cases are different, their international contexts have been and are different, but both appear to have been able to combine economic growth, political democracy, relatively equal income distributions, limited poverty, strong role of government (central and local) for welfare responsibility, and (promising to result in) high level of social cohesion and stability. Interesting similarities appear to be that both countries historically developed strong state institutions and early and persistent state or government emphasis on mass education. In comparing the two countries, the authors address the following questions: What is the relationship between democratic institutions and welfare policies, and growth, rising income and its distribution? What role does one have in causing or preceding the other? What lessons are relevant for other countries? What can be learnt from these Norwegian-Korean experiences about institutional resilience and sustainability? And what are the challenges for the type of welfare states established (Norway) or in the process of being established (Korea)?