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The different impacts of social and economic developments on men's and women's labor force participation in Korea (English)

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  • The different impacts of social and economic developments on men's and women's labor force participation in Korea (English)
  • Slok, Julie
  • World Bank (WB)


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Title The different impacts of social and economic developments on men's and women's labor force participation in Korea (English)
Similar Titles
Material Type Others
Author(English)

Slok, Julie

Publisher

World Bank (WB)

Date 2001
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Population

Abstract

This note uses current data from Korea, to show how societal, and cultural constraints influence men's and women's labor force participation, and work lifecycle. The impacts of collective economic, and social change on men and women in the labor market... See More +, are varied and distinct. The analysis reveals that aggregate statistics, such as male-female unemployment figures, are not directly comparable because they do not capture the changes within the labor force, nor do they reflect the cultural, legal, and institutional obstacles facing men and women. Yet, an analysis of readily available gender disaggregated statistics concerning male and female entry into, position within, and exit from the labor force provides important insights. Confucian traditions, and a patriarchal family system, create a foothold for gender discrimination, that permeates society, and the economy, heavily influencing the labor market. It is highlighted that lifecycle participation in the labor force is different for men than for women, and, that men and women also have different status, and wages once inside the work force. Consequently, when the East Asian economic, and financial crises hit, it had different impacts on men, and on women. It is suggested that gender sensitive analysis be supported, taking into account awareness of the different starting points, and labor force experiences of men and women, caused by both cultural, and educational behaviors, and biases.