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Who controls East Asian corporations ? : Who controls East Asian corporations? (English)

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  • Who controls East Asian corporations ? : Who controls East Asian corporations? (English)
  • Claessens, Constantijn A.; Djankov, Simeon; Lang, Larry H. P.
  • World Bank (WB)


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Title Who controls East Asian corporations ? : Who controls East Asian corporations? (English)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Claessens, Constantijn A.; Djankov, Simeon; Lang, Larry H. P.

Publisher

World Bank (WB)

Date 1999
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Financial Policy

Abstract

The authors identify the ultimate ownership structure for 2,980 corporations in nine East Asian countries. They find that: A) More than half of those firms are controlled be a single shareholder. B) Smaller firms and older firms are more likely to be family-controlled. C) Patterns of controlling ownership stakes differ across countries. The concentration of control generally diminishes with higher economic and institutional development. D) In many countries control is enhanced though pyramid structures and deviations from one-share-one-vote rules. As a result, voting rights exceed cash-flow rights. E) Management is rarely separated from ownership control, and management in two thirds of the firms that are not widely held is related to management of the controlling shareholder. F) In some countries, wealth is very concentrated and links between government and business are extensive, so the legal system has probably been influenced by the prevailing ownership structure.