To design the cooperation strategy between Korea and Latin America, it is necessary to analyze the sectoral level of technological development of each Latin American country. However, as there is no universally accepted measure of technological development by sector, we adopted several indicators for the measurement, such as: number of BA/MA/Doctoral degrees awarded each year, R&D expenditure, publication of articles registered in SCOPUS, patents registered in US Patent and Trademark Office and the major companies which registered those patents, and Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) index.
The results of the analysis show that most Latin American countries have relatively high level of technological development in the areas of agriculture, biology, chemistry related science and technologies, and low level of development in electronics and computer related ones. However, Brazil and Mexico showed relatively high level of technological development in the areas of machinery and energy.
By purpose of cooperation, technological cooperation was divided into diplomatic cooperation purpose, joint research purpose, development cooperation and technology transfer purpose. By form of cooperation, it was divided into resources exchange cooperation, bridgehead securing cooperation, and base research cooperation.
With Brazil, which has a very high level of technological development in some areas, the main purpose of cooperation may be diplomatic purpose as well as joint research, and the areas of cooperation may be agriculture, energy, and aerospace. With Mexico, the cooperation in the areas of energy and machinery seems to be promising. With Argentina, Colombia, Chile, and Peru, cooperation in the areas of biology, marine issues, and mineral resources is recommended. As for other countries with lower income, the cooperation may be more for the purpose of development cooperation and technology transfer in the areas of agriculture, food processing, and clothing sectors.
- 중남미의 기술지도와 한, 중남미 기술협력전략
- 김종섭; 박민경
중남미의 기술지도와 한, 중남미 기술협력전략
|Series Title; No||경제 인문사회연구회 세계지역 종합연구 협동연구총서/11-04-39; 연구자료 / 11-49|
|Subject Country||Central America(Americas)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
|Subject||Economy < Economic Administration|
|Holding||Korea Institute Economic Policy|