The purpose of this study is to develop the urban and regional policies that would prepare for the age of centenarians. The study area covers whole national territory and the target year of policies in 2020. This study examines the policies to be implemented in the national territory mainly focused on urban, housing, and transportation sectors. Method of the study includes literature reviews, official interviews, consultative meetings, and seminars.
The dictionary definition of centenarian is a person who has attained the age of 100 years or more. This study defines the age of centenarians it the age that the majority of people expects to live to or beyond the age of 100 years. Government reports have suggested that Koreans over 65 will account for more than 14 percent of the entire population by 2018 and over 20 percent in 2026. This menas that the age of centenarian will come around 2020, and it is time to prepare that age. For the age of centenarians, the government should develop the policies to be implemented in urban and national levels with paradigm shift of the old from vulnerable group to ordinary group.
In order to check and review actual conditions of local governmental policies about the preparedness for the age of centenarians, this study choose Daejeon(big city), Wonju(medium-sized city), and Seocheon(small-sized city). For the urban and regional planning sector, Daejeon and Wonju carried forward relevant policies such as creation of urban forest, vegetable garden, and activity-friendly waterfront. As housing policies, Seocheon tried to supply welfare complex for the old. For the transportation sector, all three local governments supplied several policies such as provision of barrier-free design, low floor bus, and school and silver zone.
As national territorial policies for the age of centenarians, they should concern to build healthy environments, maintain and expand safety urban infrastructures, supply comfortable shelters, and provide various leisure opportunities. In order to achieve the goal or centenarians' age, building a healthy and dynamic territory, this study selects four key words including health, safety, job, and leisure.
policy issues were selected by three sectors(urban, housing, and transportation) and four keywords(health, safety, job, and leisure). For the urban and regional sector, several policies should be included such as creation of urban forests, activity-friendly waterfronts, urban farm, sport facilities, and other institutional strategy for healthy environment. For the housing sector, this study suggests including provision of home care service and housing supply for the old, job creation of elderly caregivers, and creation of community housing for all generation. As a transportation part, there are provision of barrier-free public transportation, modification of pedestrian environment, and creation of safe driving environment.
This study has following four significances. First, it leads the governmental policies from the perspective of aging society. Second, it offers insight into how to provide urban environmental policies to prepare the age of centenarians. Third, it provide guideline of direction and future task of urban policies. Fourth, this suggests several policy issues in urban, housing, and transportation sectors.
Key words _ Homo Hundred, Healthy Aging Society, Territorial and Urban Policies, Urban, Housing, Transportation
- 100세 시대를 대비한 국토 및 도시정책 방향과 과제(Directions and future tasks of urban and national territorial policies in preparation for the age od centenarians)
- 최영국; 김은정; 김혜승; 김준기; 박정은
100세 시대를 대비한 국토 및 도시정책 방향과 과제(Directions and future tasks of urban and national territorial policies in preparation for the age od centenarians)
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|