There has been drastic changes in the physical and socioeconomic environment during the last fifty years. Since the 1960s, Korea has achieved rapid economic growth at a rate between 6% and 9% and at the same time, the national development foundation such as ports, industrial bases, highways, dams and so forth, we re greatly expanded, thanks to the successful implementation of the various government policies. As a result, the urban infrastructure was greatly expanded to accommodate population of almost 40 million and industrial production has increased by 330 times. During that time, the productivity of the national land has also increased by 23 times.
However, the remarkable economic growth and development of the national infrastructure accompanied a number of side effects such as excessive concentration of the population in the Seoul Metropolitan area, shortage of energy and resources, devastation of environment and disorderly land development. In addition, the environment degradation and efficient use of natural resources became one of the key issues today, because serious environmental problems are not only lowe ring the quality of life but also jeopardizing future economic growth itself.
Although the national economy is undergoing serious depression lately, population and economy continue to grow and will be likely to be expanded in the long run. Expansion of economy a long with the changes in the industrial structure means increasing amount of the pollutant discharge and diversification of the kinds of pollutants. Population increase and urbanization will accelerate energy consumption which will, in turn, expedite the environmental pollution. Also, it will encroach the green space such as cropland and forest, which will definitely change the land use pattern in the future. Demand for the regional development will be hightened as the local autonomy settles down which will have spreading and accele rating effects on population. In the meantime, the concern for the cleaner environment will be voiced more loudly.
Drastic changes a re expected in economic and national land for 21st century. For environment and resource conservation, new approach for the Fourth comprehensive national plan is imperative. It should be emphasized and carried out on the bas is of harmony between development and conservation. In this respect, 'environmentally sound and sustainable development' which is being highlighted as a new paradigm, is a useful and fundamental concept in relation to both national land development and resource conservation.
The purpose of this study is both to prepare the policies in the fourth national comprehensive plan and to suggest environmentally sound and sustainable development methods for 21st century through the systematic assessment of the current situation and the existing policies implemented during the past three decades.
This study were divided into six categories for the sake of classification: land environment, sea and coast zone, forest resource, energy, agriculture and fishery resource. Each part in this study covers theoretical background, current situation and problem of there lated policies as well as specific strategies for the future.
In conclusion, The fourth comprehensive national land plan is, that is, a plan that establishes an ecological national land network system connecting mountain, river, coast and resource
- 개발과 환경이 조화를 이루는 녹색국토 형성(The establishment of green national land)
- 윤양수; 김선희; 엄기철; 최영국; 이승복
개발과 환경이 조화를 이루는 녹색국토 형성(The establishment of green national land)
경기 : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||제4차 국토종합계획 수립 연구(환경부문)|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Environment|