Discussions about the aid for developing countries are lively in progress among the global community. Many developing countries show deep interests of Korea's economical success, because Korea is the one to be aid-providing country from aid-receiving country. Despite such change, there has been inadequate effort in Korea to share its experience for spatial development with developing countries. The objective of the study is to propose Korea's cooperative strategies and action plans to aid developing countries by analyzing the supporting trends of the world and the demands from receivers. The study specially focuses on the capacity building of spatial planning system of developing countries.
There are two findings on the analysis for the international trend of recent aid. First, a multilateral cooperation to strengthen the partnership has being carried. In other words, a reciprocal aid is being emphasized instead of the humanitarian aid. Second, the form of aid is switched from project or program centered to a more technical cooperation. Korea's aid system is in the primary stage, even not meeting the various demands of developing countries.
According to a survey by experts of developing countries, demands from developing counties are very diverse; establishment of statistical DB & GIS (24%), improvement in law and regulations (19%), reinforcement in educations (18%), and improvement in financial policies (13%). But those resulted demands differed with the projects carried out by KOICA. First, the current projects are not meeting the various demands. Second, the education reinforcement project taken up half of the aid projects, it differs with the recent partnership emphasizing international trends. Third, statistical DB & GIS establishment resulting to be the most requested aid project, only 2% of the whole aid projects are being carried out. Fourth, there have been little support cases on invigorating private participations, improving financial policy, and establishing research institutions or foundations. Thus, an improvement plan that can meet the international changes and diverse demands must be built.
In order to solve for those problems, three basic strategies are proposed; ① strengthening global partnership, ② establishing a comparative cooperation system considering efficiency of the nation's benefit getting, and ③ seeking the demand responding cooperation considering the effectiveness. Since aids in the spatial planning are still in the primary stage, the study focused on analyzing the present state of the developing country and the present state of the international aid. In result, 7 improvement plans that tie with various analyze results and need to be preferentially considered are suggested in this study instead of a concrete action plans.
The study suggests the three specific action plans for strengthening global partnership; ① diplomacy for confidence-building between countries and companies, ② building up the mutual exchange of international organization and developed nations have been a lot of experiences, and ③ the division system in applying process. In addition, establishing a comparative cooperation system to get benefit efficiently can be achieved by; ④ digging up the policy example in comparative advantage field, ⑤ software support considering the aid budget, and ⑥ spatial development cooperation center could be programmed comparative advantage. Finally, in order to improve effectiveness for aid, this study emphasized ⑦ the importance of policy consulting and pre-development surveys with action strategy corresponding to demand. The study emphasizes the importance of pre-development SURVEY and policy consulting to find out spacial planning system conditions and support-hoped demand.
- 개발도상국 공간계획체계 발전을 위한 협력방안 연구(Cooperative strategies for capacity building)
- 정진규; 오성호; 고용석; 이승욱
개발도상국 공간계획체계 발전을 위한 협력방안 연구(Cooperative strategies for capacity building)
경기 : 국토연구원
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|