This research seeks to conduct a detailed study of the contents of the Saemaeul Movement (The New Community Movement), its progress and changes; and thereby suggesting future directions for the movement’s improvement.
The Saemaeul Undong, also known as the New Community Movement, was a decade-long political initiative launched on April 22, 1970 by then president Park Chung Hee. With keen interest and active support for the movement, the local initiative spread into a nationwide movement. The changes that took place in the rural areas ignited a national movement in working for change and innovation. Having brought such positive impacts in the Korean society, it is only natural for the entire country to show interest towards reflecting on the significance of the movement and building upon ideas as to how the movement should take place throughout the next decade.
In the Saemaeul Movement project, individual communities initiate and carry out the project with a Saemaeul leader, who provided the government’s active guidance and support. The movement is continuous and systematic in terms of its method of organization and execution, thus bringing agricultural development at the forefront of change. In addition, the projects are carried out with the community members’ active participation and support. As a result, regional government offices are able to cooperate and provide administrative support, thus building active participation and support for the projects. Other major community-based activist individuals and organizations such as the Saemaeul Committee or the Saemaeul Movement Council also provide a positive impact on influencing the development and execution of policies.
Overall, the Saemaeul Movement has made a great contribution to the development and improvement of the external appearance and environment of rural communities. Furthermore, change was instilled on the values and mindset of farmers, which spurred the development of new organizations. As a result, the rural areas witnessed changes in its organization and environment as their environment improved and income rose. Since 1978, 36,257 local communities and more than 27 million people are counted to have actively participated in the movement.
In the context of national development, the contributions provided by the new ideas and endeavors of the Saemaeul Movement are indeed great. The growth of the heavy-chemical industry led exports to break through previous barriers to $10 billion in 1977, while GNP per capita in the following year reached $1,279. Conditions of life improved and these improvements were visible in specific areas.
In accordance with the mentioned results, the Saemaeul Movement must carry on throughout the 80s as well. The goals of the movement, however, must not languish on the improvement of rural conditions, but set its directions on improving the overall standards of living throughout the country. The movement should serve as an instrument that can improve living standards and bring a happy and satisfactory life to all citizens.
More importantly, opportunities to improve living standards will have to be distributed fairly, while they satisfy basic human needs at the same time. For this to occur, continuous and sustainable improvement and development will have to take place in various areas including education, public health, sewerage, and nutrition. In addition, the Saemaeul Movement will have to use various methods such as expanding cultural facilities and utilizing mass media.
- 1980년대 농촌새마을운동의 과제와 발전방향(The Samaeul Movement of the 1980s: Tasks and directions for improvement)
1980년대 농촌새마을운동의 과제와 발전방향(The Samaeul Movement of the 1980s: Tasks and directions for improvement)
|Journal Title; Vol./Issue||농촌경제:제 2권 4호|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|