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IBRD 새마을 차관(Evaluation study on the rural infrastructure development project initiated by the IBRD loan) : 농어촌 하부구조 개발사업 평가연구

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  • IBRD 새마을 차관(Evaluation study on the rural infrastructure development project initiated by the IBRD loan)
  • 한국농촌경제연구원
  • 한국농촌경제연구원


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Title IBRD 새마을 차관(Evaluation study on the rural infrastructure development project initiated by the IBRD loan)
Similar Titles
Sub Title

농어촌 하부구조 개발사업 평가연구

Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

한국농촌경제연구원

Publisher

[서울]:한국농촌경제연구원

Date 1978-12
Series Title; No 사업별결과보고서
Pages 382
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Agriculture
Holding 한국농촌경제연구원

Abstract

This research seeks to conduct an evaluation study of the Rural Infrastructure Development Project initiated with the Samaeul Loan from the World Bank (IBRD). The main purpose of the study is to identify the specific scale of the development project.
The 61 project areas of IBRD can be classified into three categories: three areas that have operated paddy rice seeders and drainage facilities in 1977; three other areas that have started its operation in 1978; and the rest initiated with the AID Development Loan.
The six IBRD-funded regions comprised a developed area of 1,306.3 ha. Among the developed areas, 280.0 ha were transformed to (well-irrigated) paddy fields, and 988.5 ha completely transferred to well-irrigated paddy fields from partially irrigated fields. The developed area of three AID-funded regions reached 515.7 ha, with most of the area transferred to paddy fields excluding 25.0 ha of cultivated upland and 11.7 ha of weed land.
The loan was carried out mainly to develop rice and barley with whole crops out of the way. A comparison of the conditions before and after implementing the project on three IBRD-funded areas reveal that the harvesting of regular rice and Tongil rice decreased by 15%. The harvest amount of barley also showed a decrease by 35-40%, for which the cold snap of early 1977 was mainly responsible.
Conditions for rice harvest improved as manual labor decreased, and productivity increased with the help of the enhanced water supply system. Three IBRD-funded areas showed an increase of between 26% - 44%, while three AID-funded areas showed an increase of 28% - 40%. Among the three IBRD-funded areas, the amount of regular rice among cultivated areas showed an increase of 14-29%, while Tongil rice showed an increase of 16% - 26%. The area of cultivated land increased by an annual growth of 15% - 40%.
When applying local investments, the rate of return is 12.0% among the total IBRD-funded areas and 10.3% among the AID-funded areas. When applying the international price, the rate is 12.3% among the entire IBRD-funded areas and 10.4% among the total AID-funded areas.