This study seeks to identify the socioeconomic characteristics of the High-Speed Railway users since its opening in April 1, 2004, gather relevant resources, and examine its ripple effects on local economies.
Since the opening of the Gyeongbu High-Speed Railway in April 2004, the travel time between Seoul and Busan was greatly reduced to less than 3 hours. Before its opening, the development of the high-speed railway and its reduction of transit time was expected to bring a significant change to the Korean traffic system, social economy, and spatial structure. These changes were expected to bring about more balanced development and provide positive influences on local economies as well. However, no significant economic change has been identified since the opening of the railway except for the creation of a new means of transportation. Though difficult to judge its effects, since transportation infrastructures such as high-speed railways create a ripple effect over a long period of time, the study has been conducted as the changing trends on the characteristics of railway usage and general trends of local economies are clearly visible even after a short span of time.
The study conducts an analysis on the impact of the high-speed railway by completing a survey study on the characteristics of railway usage, types of businesses nearby, and the forms of residences around universities. Among the characteristics of usage, a significant portion of users have switched from the regular-speed train service, implying the need to induce change.
In addition, the lengths of business trips appears to decrease, as the reduced travel time increased the opportunity to complete work and return home on the same day. As for business districts, there seemed to be small deviations (differences) according to business types or regions, but on a general scale there was no significant influence found. Thus, there is still a need to maintain a continuous interest on this area. Meanwhile, a study of the forms of residences near universities showed no significant changes in students’ habits in commuting to school.
At this point in time, drawing a conclusion on the impacts of high-speed trains is rather early, and relevant studies need to be further conducted. Unique events or tourist businesses must be developed in an aim to attract tourists and energize local economies, while special local products must be developed (for shopping). More focus will have to be put on developing various products so as to devise measures to minimize the negative impacts of high-speed railway.
- 고속철도 개통이 지방의 경제에 미치는 영향에 관한 조사 연구(Surveys on the regional economic impacts from the high speed rail)
- 조남건; 이훈기
고속철도 개통이 지방의 경제에 미치는 영향에 관한 조사 연구(Surveys on the regional economic impacts from the high speed rail)
|Series Title; No||국토연자 / 2004-02|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Transport/Logistics|