This study primarily seeks to identify the tasks to be fulfilled and directions to be taken by regions for the development of supra-metropolitan areas.
Globalization and localization are two trends transforming Korea at the same time. With capital, technology, and labor freely surpassing territorial boundaries in the context of unlimited competition, the provinces are no longer able to maintain themselves with protection from the state. Yet, the provinces are still not prepared to address globalization by themselves as major public policies have been carried out and corporate decisions made on a national basis in Seoul and the capital area with little involvement of the provinces. The intensifying gap between the regions is an impediment to social equity, causing conflict among the regions and hindering national integration. As a result, policies on balanced regional growth are an essential factor to reinforcing national economic competitiveness and relieving regional conflicts in the long term.
In an aim to efficiently maximize limited resources, the government must designate decentralized primary growth centers and make more focused and effective investments around these centers. As the top-down development scheme no longer seems effective in today’s context, a bottom-up approach to development seems necessary. The government is currently in the process of designating and establishing eight supra-metropolitan areas. This development project includes specific actions such as establishing business/industrial zones, establishing a supra-metropolitan traffic network, expanding water supply and other environmental facilities, establishing international airports, ports, information centers, and developing tourism around the area.
As the development project is mostly state-funded, the government’s active will and investment is more important than anything else for the effective implementation of a wide-scale development project. At the same time, intra-regional cooperation is another essential factor for the project’s success. In other words, the provinces also need to establish a clear set of roles for the development of supra-metropolitan areas.
In this context, the roles that provinces should carry out can be summarized into the following. First, priority needs to be set among projects, with the more urgent ones given priority by the central government. Second, provinces need to play a more active role in attracting businesses to their regions. Third, projects proposed or areas included in a supra-metropolitan area simply motivated to gather people’s votes must be discontinued if an area lacks competitiveness, in reference to the initial objectives and priorities of the supra-metropolitan area development project. Fourth, actions of NIMBY (Not in My Backyard) or PIMFY (Please in My Front Yard) must be stopped. Finally, provinces must work to form a regional identity based on their region’s specialty or specialization.
- 광역경제권개발의 논리와 전략연구(Study of the rationale and strategy of the development of supra-metropolitan economic areas)
광역경제권개발의 논리와 전략연구(Study of the rationale and strategy of the development of supra-metropolitan economic areas)
|Series Title; No||정책연구보고서|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|