The keywords of the study are social capital, social capital indexes, trust, participation, network, and national territorial characteristics.
Chapter One deals with the following four questions: (ⅰ) What is the meaning of national territorial characteristics in the context of social capital formulation? (ⅱ) Are social capitals different depending on national territorial characteristics? (ⅲ) Is social capital enhancement a potential alternative for increasing problem-solving capacity and efficiency of national territorial management? and finally, (ⅳ) What are national territorial management strategies to enhance social capital?
For the research, two study areas have been selected for comparison, which are characterized by different territorial characteristics in such fields as urban and region, transportation quality and urban park environment quality. Under this backdrop, the study aims to analyze the relationship between social capital and territorial characteristics, and present policy suggestions for national territorial management. In terms of methodology, a residential survey has been conducted to measure social capital and expert survey to estimate weighting factors. The study defines social capital of national territorial management as follows: residents' collective intelligence to coordinate and collaborate to realize their own interests within or among groups. Previous studies on social capital show that social capital formulation is closely related to residential formation patterns, public transportation system and urban par아 planning system.
In Chapter Three, the social capital domain and measuring indicators are established through discussions with researchers from collaborative institution and consultations with experts on social capital. using the social capital indicators, an expert survey has been conducted for estimating weighting factors. In addition, this chapter measures the social capital index.
(Social Capital Index, SCI) = 0.546T + 0.256P + 0.198N
T: Trust= Personal Trust + Official Trust
P: Participation= Social Participation + Civic Engagement
N: Networks= Personal Networks + Public Networks
In Chapter Four and Five, social capital differences are examined for different territorial characteristics based on assumptions in the following three fields: residential formation patterns, public transportation system and urban park planning system. Case study areas have been selected considering different national territorial characteristics as follows: (ⅰ) Gileum New Town and Gileum-dong in metropolitan areas, and the Shinchang district and Songjuing-dong in regions for residential formation pattern (ⅱ) Gwangmyoung and Siheung in metropolitan areas, and Masan and Jinju for transportation quality and (ⅲ) Suwon Mansuk Park and Ilsan Park in metropolitan areas for urban park environment quality.