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한국에서 환경오염이 보건비 지출에 영향을 미쳤는가?(Dose environmental pollution affect health care expenditure in Korea?) : 광역자치단체의 패널자료를 이용한 실증분석(Empirical evidence from regional governments' panel data)

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  • 한국에서 환경오염이 보건비 지출에 영향을 미쳤는가?(Dose environmental pollution affect health care expenditure in Korea?)
  • 이선호; 황진영
  • 한국보건사회연구원


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Title 한국에서 환경오염이 보건비 지출에 영향을 미쳤는가?(Dose environmental pollution affect health care expenditure in Korea?)
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Sub Title

광역자치단체의 패널자료를 이용한 실증분석(Empirical evidence from regional governments' panel data)

Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

이선호; 황진영

Publisher

서울:한국보건사회연구원

Date 2011-12
Journal Title; Vol./Issue 보건사회연구(Health and Social Welfare Review):vol.31(no.4)
Pages 23
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < Environment
Social Development < Health
Holding 한국보건사회연구원

Abstract

In this paper, we examine the impact of environmental pollution on health care expenditure in Korea using unbalanced panel data on 16 regional governments over the period 1999-2008. To denote the degree of environmental pollution, we used 4 sectors of air pollution, the number of noise and vibration generating facilities, and 3 sectors of water pollution. In addition, total health care expenditure is divided into 2 categories, such as private and public expenditures as a percentage of GRDP. It is found that the estimated coefficients of environmental pollution have statistically significant and negative impacts on the ratio of private health care expenditure to GRDP without model specifications. The number of noise and vibration generating facilities has a statistically significant and negative impact on both private and public health care expenditures. Hence, we can infer that the growth of GRDP was faster than the increment of health care expenditure in the Korean economy. Furthermore, the results suggest the possibility that public health care expenditure can be determined by the political process that can be affected by income level and demographic factors rather than environmental factors.