This research is the second-year results of the two-year project supported by the National Research Council for Economics, Humanities and Social Sciences from 2008. The primary purpose of the research is to obtain policy implications for national territorial management by analyzing methods of accumulation of social capital.
The Key words for this research are Social Capital, influential factors for accumulation of social capital, Structural Equation Model, Path Analysis, Social Network Analysis, Trust, Participation, Network and National Territorial Management.
The chapter one is constructed with the research background, purpose, scope and research methods. First of all, this study starts with research questions of how social capital is constructed and enhanced. Then, this study tries to find policy implications and establish strategies for national territorial management using social capital. Three fields including urban & regional planning, transportation, and environment were selected for comparison of spatial characteristics in terms of social capital.
The chapter two begins with reviewing the result of the first year’s research. Then it illustrates related theories and distinctiveness of this research. It includes the theories of construction, implementation and process of social capital. Moreover, in this chapter, different social policies using social capital were compared in order to find policy implication for Korean national land management perspectives. More importantly, this chapter provides logics of facilitating social capital theory into actual policy.
In chapter three, this study illustrates the research frame and research design for understanding the social capital enhancement mechanism. This study adopts path analysis and social network analysis in order to find influential factors to social capital for national land management. The path analysis tries to find influential factors which affect the enhancement of social capital. Then, it analyzes the statistical correlation and causality between regional factors. Especially, by analyzing the paths between the construction factors of social capital (trust, participation and network) and external factors (leadership, programs and public place) this study explains the policy leverage for enhancement of social capital. Social network analysis analyze the relational structure between actors including government, nongovernmental organization (NGOs) and territorial societies, and actor-oriented values such as trust, participation and information flow.
This study selects research site based on different territorial characteristics. For the urban and regional field, Gwanju Munwha-dong’s “Making Cultural Village Movement”; Seoul Sungsan1-dong’s “Sungmisan Community”; Dajon Bup2-dong’s “Rainbow project”; and Cheju Ildo2-dong’s “New Cheju Movement” were selected as research sites. For environment field, Seoul’s “Seoul forest”; Sunchon’s “Sunchon
swamp ecological park”; Cheju’s “Gulmae ecological park” were selected as research sites. For transportation field, Chanwon and Sangju’s “Green transportation system” was selected as a research site. For the analysis, this study set the unit of analysis as a “dong”, which is the smallest unit in Korean administration system and the closest unit for forming collective decision of citizens.
Two different surveys were conducted for structural equation model and network analysis. For the structural equation model, the survey asks to residents about factors of social capital, level of satisfaction of residency and effectiveness of programs. For the social network analysis, the survey asks to local activists about the flow of information between before and after the project, effectiveness of the projects and etc.