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Explaining the development and adoption of social policy in Korea(한국사회정책의 발전과 채택에 관한 연구) : The case of the national basic livelihood security act(국민기초생활보장법을 중심으로)

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  • Explaining the development and adoption of social policy in Korea(한국사회정책의 발전과 채택에 관한 연구)
  • Jung, In-Young
  • Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs


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Title Explaining the development and adoption of social policy in Korea(한국사회정책의 발전과 채택에 관한 연구)
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The case of the national basic livelihood security act(국민기초생활보장법을 중심으로)

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Jung, In-Young

Publisher

Seoul:Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs

Date 2009-06
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Health and Social Welfare Review:vol.29(no.1)
Pages 33
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Social Development < Social Welfare
Holding Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs

Abstract

In 1999, social assistance in Korea which had a Poor Law tradition for about forty years, was finally reformed and a new social assistance law, the National Basic Livelihood Security Act that aims to protect fundamental human rights, was enacted. It is evaluated as an epoch-making law elevating the level of the Korean social welfare one-step. However, given that most social policy initiatives in Korea came from the top rather than from below, it is quite noteworthy that the law-making process of the National Basic Livelihood Security Act was led by NGOs and not by the government administration. This article therefore explicates the driving forces behind social assistance reform in Korea after the 1997 economic crisis, focusing on the enactment process of the National Basic Livelihood Security Act. This case study shows a pattern of policy development primarily driven by NGOs' 'interests', with President's 'interests' and 'environmental' factors (the outbreak of the 1997 economic crisis) playing a supplementary role.