Even though various policies related to regional and national territorial development have been established and implemented, the overconcentration of population and major functions in the capital region has not been mitigated. Furthermore, the socio-economic structure of local regions has become more dependent on that of the capital region. In brief, the concentration of central functions in the industrial, academic and administrative sectors has been the key factor for the overconcentration of population in the capital region.
CONCENTRATION OF CENTRAL FUNCTIONS IN THE CAPITAL REGION
While the concentration ratio of the central administrative agencies in the capital region has been decreased from 100% to 78% during last decade, 83.2% of head offices of public enterprises are still located in the capital region as of 2002. The concentration ratio of head offices of the 100 largest private enterprises decreased from 94% to 91%, but that of head offices of the 3000 largest companies increased from 68.9% to 71.9% during 1990 to 2000. Sixty five percent of top twenty universities are located in the capital region as of 2001. Considering that 46.3% of the population is concentrated in the capital region as of 2000, the concentration ratio of central functions in the capital region is absolutely high.
Due to the high concentration of central functions, the capital region exerts tremendous influence on the national territorial economy. In comparison between regions by influence of central functions calculated with the gravity model, the influence rate of the capital region on the interaction of central functions in Korea shows more than 95%. It means that the capital region is dominating all over the country in the interaction of central functions. Especially, areas within a 20-km radius of Seoul Metropolitan city shows of 82% of influence rate in the overall interaction of pivotal functions, becoming a core of central functions in Korea.
< Regional Distribution of Population, Industries and Central Functions(%) : 2000 >
In regards to location of head offices of private companies which is directly related to regional development, the concentration of head offices of enterprises in the capital region is primarily affected by the concentration of information, capital and public agencies such as the government in the capital region. Reasons for preferring to locate business headquarters in the capital region include large market, easy access to information and abundant capital due to the concentration of public agencies and financial institutions, substantial foundation of international interchange, accumulation of high quality human resources, and adequate traffic and living environment. Other regions have advantages only in the business linkage of headquarters with their main factories. Therefore, the trend of concentration in the capital region is likely to continue in the future.
- 국토균형발전을 위한 중추기능의 공간적 재편방안(Locational analysis and spatial reorganization strategies of central management functions in Korea)
- 박양호; 김창현
국토균형발전을 위한 중추기능의 공간적 재편방안(Locational analysis and spatial reorganization strategies of central management functions in Korea)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2002-6|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|