This Study aims at investigating development level and suggesting development strategy of national territorial axes. The 4th Comprehensive National Territorial Plan(CNTP) toward 2020 suggested a strategy of building open, integrated national territorial axes. By capitalizing on the geographic advantages of the Korean Peninsula which links a continent to an ocean, the plan attempts to make strides covering the economic spheres of the Yellow Sea Rim, the East Sea Rim, and the Pacific Rim. The system of national territorial axes also attempts to help balanced regional development. Six axes have been investigated. They are ① east coastal axis, ② south coastal axis, ③ west coastal axis, ④ southern island axis, ⑤ mid-central island axis, and ⑥ the existing Seoul-Pusan axis.
Main findings and suggestions from the study are as follows. First, the Korean national territorial structure is characterized by "one region, one axis-oriented structure". It means that the capital region and Seoul-Pusan territorial axis dominate the Korean territorial frame. In particular, Seoul-Pusan axis constitute 74.3% of national total population and 84.4% of total number of national manufacturing companies.
Second, there are substantial disparities among axes in power of attraction and power of linkage. There are also huge gaps among sub-areas, or cells within individual axis in development levels and urban linkages. In general, Seoul-Pusan axis and the capital region reveal a dominant power of attraction and linkages. The south coastal axis and east costal axis tend to have weak attraction and linkage.
Third, a kind of duality exists in territorial axes. Regions or cells can be classified into strong regions and weak regions in developmental level and urban linkage. Strong regions include the capital region, and the south-eastern region of the Seoul-Pusan territory axis. Weak regions include the southern and mid-central regions of the west coastal axis, and the western and mid-central regions of the south coastal axis.
Fourth, in order to restructure the Korean territorial axis, strategic approaches are needed. They should consider the existing "one region-one axis system and duality" of the territorial structure.
A package of mega strategies is needed. It consists of ① hub strategy, ② pole strategy, ③ restructuring strategy, ④ free strategy, ⑤ belt strategy, ⑥ eco strategy, ⑦ cell strategy, and ⑧ step-by-step strategy. Some project packages can be suggest for each axis.
Fifth, to develop more balanced and competitive territory, more emphasis should be on the south coastal axis in future national territorial policy. In particular, the south-eastern region should be strengthened, in that it severs as a cell of intersection of the south coastal axis and west coastal axis.
Sixth, more balanced territorial axes can be constructed by policy attempts such as reasonable division of roles among central and local governments and private sectors, more intimate inter-local cooperation, new contract system of regional development, and institutional & financial monitoring system in territorial restructuring process.
- 국토균형발전을 위한 통합국토축 추진전략(A study on the integrated territorial axes for the balanced regional development strategy)
- 박양호; 김창현
국토균형발전을 위한 통합국토축 추진전략(A study on the integrated territorial axes for the balanced regional development strategy)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2000-12|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|