National land is compose of various natural and artificial factors that have close organic relations mutually. The natural factors stand for essential factors formulating the national land such as air, water, soil etc. These factors, which are organically connected among them, consist of the natural mechanism and human beings' activities are based on these natural factors.
However, socio-economic activities of human beings have been performed excessively culminating in various negative side-effects generated by the ignorance of the natural mechanism. Modification of the natural factors such as change in land use, air and water pollution, random catching, collecting, and deforestation have made direct or indirect impact on ecosystem. In order for the ecosystem to be kept sound and preserved, various human beings' activities should be integrated in the nature mechanism. However, the stark juxtaposition between nature mechanism and socio-economic activities and their ambiguous mutual relation have been considered obstacles.
Various measures and actions have been taken to overcome the contrast between nature mechanism and socio-economic activities, with appropriate solutions not found. Various efforts such as securing reproductive space for endangered species, regulating random catching and hunting, countermeasures to alleviate air and water pollution have contributed only to curtail the direct bad effect as tentative and partial approaches lacking the comprehensive understanding about the nature mechanism.
This study aims to preserve and restore the ecosystem in mountain, river and coastal area and suggests 'the strategies of integrated national ecological network' in a hope to reduce the entropy of the national land. The ecological network is designed to ease the various developmental pressure and convert demand and supply-oriented economic aspect of the national land development plan to the management of natural resources and ecosystem.
It also aims at preventing conflicts generated by the developmental process of limited and highly dense land and minimizing the destruction of ecosystem. The national ecological network is the ecological framework and protective means connecting the major mountains, ten major rivers, and three coastal areas in a bid to secure mobility and variety of wild animals and plants, sound circulation of water, and sustainability of green network. The eco-network is searching for methods to preserve and restore the ecosystem of mountain, river, and coastal area connecting natural factors composing the national land such as Paekdudeaegan, DMZ, wetland and tidal flat, river and valley, large pond, national park.
This study is classified into five chapters. The fist chapter deals with purpose, necessity and expected effects of the study. The second chapter describes national land environment, theory and trend in ecosystem management. The NEN (National Ecological Network) adopted by netherlands and Japan as a part of efforts to preserve ecosystem and national land management policy is introduced along with its policy implications in this chapter.
The third chapter deals with current situation and problems of the national land environment and ecosystem dividing into three categories; designation of natural environment protection zone and current management system, examination of natural environment and current research activities, development of protection policy and program. The problems are analyzed in the integrated national ecological network aspect. The plan for establishing and managing the integrated national ecological network is presented in the fourth chapter based on its concept and necessity. Concrete action plans like stipulation of the 'integrated national ecological network' in the 'national land management law(tentative)', identification of the subject of implementation and budget securing, exploration of relevant projects are presented in this chapter.
- 국토생태통합네트워크 구축과 관리방안 연구(The strategies on integrated national ecological network: A reconnaissance)
국토생태통합네트워크 구축과 관리방안 연구(The strategies on integrated national ecological network: A reconnaissance)
|Series Title; No||Working Paper / 99-3|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Environment|